Mediterranean Diet – Were the center Disease Statistics Problematic

 

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Despite serious problems in the way the study was conducted, their conclusions are the same: A Mediterranean diet can cut the risk of heart attacks and strokes by about 30 percent in those at high. The Mediterranean diet and similar plant-based nutrition plans appear to reduce heart disease risk by up to 20 percent, an analysis published Monday by JAMA Internal Medicine has found. The study found that people eating the Mediterranean diet supplemented with olive oil were 30 percent less likely to experience a heart attack, stroke, or death from cardiovascular causes. We’ve been hearing about the benefits of a Mediterranean diet for years, and now authors of a major study long cited for suggesting its heart-healthy benefits said the research was flawed.

The. The Mediterranean diet, when supplemented with lots of olive oil or nuts, could cut a person’s risk of cardiovascular disease by a third. It’s rare to see an effect size that big, even in studies.

Ischemic heart disease and the Mediterranean diet. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2014; 16:491. doi: 10.1007/s11886-014-0491-6 Crossref Medline Google Scholar; 92. Sleiman D, Al-Badri MR, Azar ST.

Effect of mediterranean diet in diabetes control and cardiovascular risk modification: a. Several studies have documented an inverse association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), but little data are available on the relationship between Mediterranean diet and risk of stroke. Interest in the Mediterranean diet began in the 1960s with the observation that coronary heart disease caused fewer deaths in Mediterranean countries, such as Greece and Italy, than in the U.S. and northern Europe. Subsequent studies found that the Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This style of eating can play a big role in preventing heart disease and stroke and reducing risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

There is some evidence that a Mediterranean diet rich in virgin olive oil may help the body remove excess cholesterol from arteries and keep blood vessels open. Here’s an easy-to-understand primer on what to eat (and when) on the Mediterranean Diet. Your heart will love you for it!

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List of related literature:

A very large prospective study completed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the United States showed that the Mediterranean diet was associated with reduced all-cause and causespecific mortality including deaths due to both cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (Mitrou et al 2007).

“Herbs and Natural Supplements Inkling: An Evidence-Based Guide” by Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen
from Herbs and Natural Supplements Inkling: An Evidence-Based Guide
by Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen
Elsevier Health Sciences APAC, 2010

The risk of major cardiovascular events was reduced by 30% in the Mediterranean diet and olive oil group and by 28% in the Mediterranean diet and nuts group at 4.8 years of follow-up, at which point the trial was stopped on the basis of these results.

“Preventive Nutrition: The Comprehensive Guide for Health Professionals” by Adrianne Bendich, Richard J. Deckelbaum
from Preventive Nutrition: The Comprehensive Guide for Health Professionals
by Adrianne Bendich, Richard J. Deckelbaum
Springer International Publishing, 2016

Additional studies later confirmed the association of Mediterranean diet with decreased incidence and prevalence of chronic diseases, mainly cardiovascular disease, in countries where it was consumed.

“Functional Food Product Development” by Jim Smith, Edward Charter
from Functional Food Product Development
by Jim Smith, Edward Charter
Wiley, 2011

A large prospective cohort study showed adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a decrease in incidence of fatal and nonfatal coronary heart disease (CHD) in initially healthy middle-aged individuals.

“Understanding Pathophysiology E-Book” by Sue E. Huether, Kathryn L. McCance
from Understanding Pathophysiology E-Book
by Sue E. Huether, Kathryn L. McCance
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

A pivotal trial, the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet (PREDIMED) study randomized participants at high risk of CVD to either a Mediterranean diet supplemented with olive oil or nuts or a low fat diet.

“Advanced Practice in Endocrinology Nursing” by Sofia Llahana, Cecilia Follin, Christine Yedinak, Ashley Grossman
from Advanced Practice in Endocrinology Nursing
by Sofia Llahana, Cecilia Follin, et. al.
Springer International Publishing, 2019

In a large study of Americans, those who followed the Mediterranean diet had significantly lower all-cause mortality rates, especially from heart disease and cancer deaths (Mitrou et al., 2007).

“Health Promotion and Aging: Practical Applications for Health Professionals” by David Haber, PhD
from Health Promotion and Aging: Practical Applications for Health Professionals
by David Haber, PhD
Springer Publishing Company, 2013

Mediterranean peoples have a lower incidence of heart disease, cancer and digestive disorders, and this can be attributed directly to diet and life-style in general.

“Food and Society in Classical Antiquity” by Peter Garnsey, P. A. Cartledge, Cambridge University Press
from Food and Society in Classical Antiquity
by Peter Garnsey, P. A. Cartledge, Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press, 1999

A higher degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a lower likelihood of death from any cause as well as death from cardiovascular disease or cancer.

“Sports Nutrition for Health Professionals” by Natalie Digate Muth, Michelle Murphy Zive
from Sports Nutrition for Health Professionals
by Natalie Digate Muth, Michelle Murphy Zive
F.A. Davis Company, 2019

This is based on observations carried out since the late 1950s that demonstrate a low incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in residents of Mediterranean countries such as Greece and Southern Italy who have adhered for millennia to the typical Mediterranean dietary styles.

“Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease” by Ronald Ross Watson, Victor R. Preedy, Sherma Zibadi
from Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease
by Ronald Ross Watson, Victor R. Preedy, Sherma Zibadi
Elsevier Science, 2013

The Mediterranean diet may be an important factor in keeping rates of coronary heart disease low and hence improving overall life expectancy (Gjonca and Bobak 1997).

“Social Epidemiology” by Lisa F. Berkman, Ichiro Kawachi
from Social Epidemiology
by Lisa F. Berkman, Ichiro Kawachi
Oxford University Press, 2000

Alexia Lewis RD

Registered Dietitian Nutritionist and Certified Heath Coach who believes life is better with science, humor, and beautiful, delicious, healthy food.

[email protected]

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7 comments

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  • Wonder who were there Cretins who gave thumbs down. Big Pharma, Big Food executives who are directly responsible for the current pandemic of modern chronic diseases that could be deemed as a genocide to support their despicable need for profit at the cost of human suffering and lives.

  • It’s a pleasant surprise to hear doctors talking about diets. Many seems to equate the Ornish diet to the end all heart disease, but it is just one of the four lifestyle changes that Dr. Ornish requires. Even with the other lifestyle improvements (quit smoking, exercise, and relieving stress), the reduction in arteries occlusion was minimal. I think we focus too much on diet and often times forget that not addressing all four of the factors create inflammation which in turns causes poor arterial health that leads to heart disease and stroke. The million dollar question is how are we able to do all of the above?

    I was a low fat vegan for a few years, but I smoked cigarettes, held 2 relatively stressful jobs, and didn’t get much exercise. I’m looking at heart bypass surgery in three weeks. That’s the reality of my life that I can’t change. I’ve stopped smoking cigarettes and will implement more walking in my daily routines. Unfortunately, I have at least 15 more years of working. Hopefully, doing some of these will give me a better chance at old age. BTW, I am only 48.

  • It is sad that ancient Indian and ancient Chinese way of treatment are the ONLY ways mentioned in healing. What about the African way, which precedes all these other ancient ways? People don’t even talk about Hippocrates having learned all he knew from Africans, the ancient Egyptians, not the present Egyptians who we all know are NOT the descendents of the ancient Africans who occupied that area and influenced the whole of Africa, and the world, with their unprecedented knowledge. Nobody talks about that anymore. Sad.

  • My own colleague was diagnosed with high cholesterol and had been placed on medications. Seafoods aren`t on his diet plan thus a choice to be in this way is not hard for him. Taking this cholesterol guide “Hοzantο Axy” (Google it) is the ideal choice for him. Soon after a few weeks his levels have reduced and also the tablets are really easy to get. They just do not leave an aftertaste..

  • To answer the man’s question about high blood pressure. I cut out all processed foods, junk foods, sugars, starches, starch veg, grains, pasta, artificial sweeteners, fast foods. If it comes in a box or package, I don’t eat it.

    I eat only whole foods: unadulterated meats and fish, eggs, whole above-the-ground vegetables, some fruits, berries are best, plain nuts, pickles, olives, avocado. Also intermittent fasting daily, some extended fasting, too.

    I did this to reverse type 2 diabetes, but my blood pressure returned to normal and I got off all prescription drugs. Went from obese to normal weight.

    One caveat, you can’t ever go back to eating the old way. This is a permanent life change for me which gave me excellent health. From poor health to excellent health by dietary changes. It is wonderful.

  • THEY ALL need to hit the gym and the weights, thats whats missing. I’ve just learned that life lesson looking at them all. You cant just eat good, you have to train your body with resistance exercise. I mean, just look at their bodies, I rest my case ya fat ass honour

  • You really want to lose weight and keep it off. Stop eating out. Eat organic. Stop buying processed food. Stop drinking milk, yogart and butter. Buy grass fed and finished butter. Grass fed and finished beef. Buy organic veggies they are not sprayed with Monsanto Weed Killer. Organic fruit. But cold pressed extra virgin olive oil and extra virgin coconut oil. No other processed oils that clog arteries. Buy einkorn flour no processed flour. All my craving stopped no more depression no more breakouts. No more hard bowel movements. I never felt better in my life. I was not trying to lose weight but slowly started losing excess body fat as a by product of eating right now i do not miss eating out at all. And the food has so much flavor. Hamburger tasts like hamburger. Veg have flavor. Fruit is sweet. Stop buying food that is made to kill you off early. Diets do not work. This is a life style that works. No tying of stomach. Walnuts, brown basmanti rice, avocados, do not buy any packaged organic food that has added unorganic ingredients. Maple syrup, raw honey, stevia with nothing added to it.