Root Vegetables 101


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No need to peel small, tender parsnips, turnips, and parsley root, but older veggies have tough skins that should be Rutabagas are often sold with a wax coating to maintain moisture. It usually comes off easily with a peeler. The Some root veggies. Root Vegetables 101. Parsnips look like a pale carrot and are actually a relative of the carrot, celeriac, and parsley root.

Commonly found in Europe, this root vegetable arrived to the United States with the colonists. Vegetables 101: What Are Root Vegetables? January 12, 2015 So many vegetables, so many that are unfamiliar! This is the latest in an occasional series of posts, quick, easy and practical information about out-of-the-ordinary vegetables or familiar-but-ill-defined vegetable terms. Recipe suggestions included!

Root Vegetable 101 Root vegetables are some of the most underappreciated foods that you will use in your culinary arts programs. Because they are grown in the ground, they aren’t as pretty as lettuces or vine-ripened veggies like tomatoes, but they are nonetheless some of the most important items you need to master in your chef courses. Root Vegetables 101. Blog, Recipes.

October 24, 2014 December 19, 2017 Katie Darlington. Root vegetables are the backbone of a farmer’s late fall harvest. However, they can be intimidating to those newly acquainted with local/seasonal eating. You may be surprised at how versatile and tasty all these roots may be. Here’s an introduction to. 2.3 Root-likestem Zamiapumila(Floridaarrowroot) 2.4 Trueroot Furtherinformation:root Cassavatuberousroots EuropeanRadish,Taproot Taproot (some types may incorporate substantial hypocotyltissue) Arracaciaxanthorrhiza(arracacha) Vignalanceolata(bushcarrot) Betavulgaris(beetandmangelwurzel) Brassicaspp.(rutabagaandturnip).

Root vegetables are nutrient dense and grown under the ground where they absorb tons of vitamins and minerals from the soil. Here are a few examples: 1-Sweet potatoes 2-Parsnips 3-Turnips 4-Ginger 5-Rutabaga 6-Carrots 7-Radishes 8-Jicama Where do I begin with all of the benefits of root vegetables?Yams, beets, parsnips, turnips, rutabagas, carrots, yuca, kohlrabi, onions, garlic, celery root (or celeriac), horseradish, daikon, turmeric, jicama, Jerusalem artichokes, radishes, and ginger are all considered roots. Because root vegetables grow underground, they absorb a great amount of nutrients from the soil. Tomatoes, spinach, peas, and cucumbersare just a few of the vegetables that have been bred to resist certain diseases.

Building in resistance to disease is one of the major efforts of plant breeding, and the list of accomplishments in this area grows longer each year. This article is categorized unde. Root Vegetables 101. by Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. Celery Root or Celeriac. Prev NEXT. Celery Root Nutrition Chart Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Part of the celery family, the celery root or celeriac, is routinely used in French cooking and is seen throughout Europe.

It is solely grown for its root use and appeared.

List of related literature:

As per dietician, daily requirement of vegetables is 75–125 g of green leafy vegetables, 85 g of other vegetables and 85 g of roots and tubers with other food.

“Seed-Borne Diseases of Agricultural Crops: Detection, Diagnosis & Management” by Ravindra Kumar, Anuja Gupta
from Seed-Borne Diseases of Agricultural Crops: Detection, Diagnosis & Management
by Ravindra Kumar, Anuja Gupta
Springer Singapore, 2020

Parsley root complements or substitutes for other root crops in any recipe.

“Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long, 2nd Edition” by Eliot Coleman, Kathy Bray, Barbara Damrosch
from Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long, 2nd Edition
by Eliot Coleman, Kathy Bray, Barbara Damrosch
Chelsea Green Publishing, 2012

In 4-quart saucepan, combine root vegetables, potatoes, enough water to cover, and 2 teaspoons salt; heat to boiling over high heat.

“The Good Housekeeping Cookbook” by Susan Westmoreland
from The Good Housekeeping Cookbook
by Susan Westmoreland
Hearst Books, 2004

The variety of vegetables grown included leeks, lettuce, garlic, peas, parsnips, skirrets (like parsnips), collards and kale (types of cabbage), lentils, turnips, broad beans, onions, spinach, carrots, beets, radishes and even globe artichokes and asparagus.

“The Tudor Kitchen: What the Tudors Ate & Drank” by Terry Breverton
from The Tudor Kitchen: What the Tudors Ate & Drank
by Terry Breverton
Amberley Publishing, 2015

Be aware that root vegetables like beets and carrots are high in sugars and low in fiber, so they’re not recommended during the Grow a New Body program, although you can add them back into your diet later in moderation.

“Grow a New Body: How Spirit and Power Plant Nutrients Can Transform Your Health” by Alberto Villoldo
from Grow a New Body: How Spirit and Power Plant Nutrients Can Transform Your Health
by Alberto Villoldo
Hay House, 2019

You can grate the peeled roots (which may be substantially smaller than the unpeeled roots!) and add them to salads, boil and mash them on their own or with carrots and parsnips, roast them, or add them to stews.

“Growing Your Own Fruit and Veg For Dummies” by Geoff Stebbings
from Growing Your Own Fruit and Veg For Dummies
by Geoff Stebbings
Wiley, 2010

Radish is a cool-season vegetable crop with optimum growing temperature ranging between 15 and 20°C. At higher temperature, the enlargement of roots is retarded and results in coarseness and pungency (14).

“Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering 4 Volume Set” by Y. H. Hui, Frank Sherkat
from Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering 4 Volume Set
by Y. H. Hui, Frank Sherkat
CRC Press, 2005

If the soil in which they were grown is questionable, root vegetables should be washed again after peeling or even dropped briefly in boiling water to sterilize.

“Diet & Nutrition: A Holistic Approach” by Rudolph Ballentine
from Diet & Nutrition: A Holistic Approach
by Rudolph Ballentine
Himalayan International Institute, 1978

Root vegetables include both true roots such as tuberous roots and taproots.

“Handbook of Hydrocolloids” by Glyn O. Phillips, Peter A. Williams
from Handbook of Hydrocolloids
by Glyn O. Phillips, Peter A. Williams
Elsevier Science, 2009

The usual 1:1 ratio of root vegetables to potatoes in other recipes proves to be too thin because of the extra moisture in the root vegetables.

“The Science of Good Cooking: Master 50 Simple Concepts to Enjoy a Lifetime of Success in the Kitchen” by Cook's Illustrated
from The Science of Good Cooking: Master 50 Simple Concepts to Enjoy a Lifetime of Success in the Kitchen
by Cook’s Illustrated
America’s Test Kitchen, 2012

Alexia Lewis RD

Registered Dietitian Nutritionist and Certified Heath Coach who believes life is better with science, humor, and beautiful, delicious, healthy food.

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  • Detroits baked and than chopped up with soft goat cheese is out of this world…sooo goood! �� don’t forget to coat beets with olive oil before rapping in foil to bake at 350 for 30/40 mins depending size…bigger longer. ����

  • Jess, my body is in the office from Monday to Friday, but my heart is in my garden, so listening to you all day the whole day makes my day so much better and I have learnt so much from your videos.  I look forward to coming to work so that I can watch and listen to you and your advise.  By the way, I am from South Africa:)

  • Are you still thinning or have you tried the multi sow method @MIgardener is doing? I was blown away by his beet harvest. ALSO Asparagus I was searching your channel for a video on this topic and also going the permaculture route of letting Parsnips just go the first year and getting a crop that will naturally replant itself. Do you have much permaculture in your garden? Also, my husband and I have been doing the Youtube life for a while now (@HomePerformance totally different topic!) and I just love watching others bloom too. Well Done y’all!

  • So I had a bunch of arrowhead radishes growing in a PVC cement tray on my deck. They looked like they were growing really good and when I thought they would be ready to harvest I pulled them. I was disappointed as the roots were so skinny! Big fail! WTF? Did I do wrong?

  • Root vegetables are delicious. Thanks for explaining the best ways to grow and prepare them. Thanks for explaining some of the common issues that can happen and how to avoid those problems.

  • I’m not a big fan of breakfast type radishes, but daikon…be still my beating heart! I love pickled daikon. I’ve actually never had them any other way. But it’s about to be on this fall/winter!

  • You’re my favorite youtube gardener! I had to laugh while you sere going on about radishes, reminded me of Bubba going on about shrimp in Forrest Gump 😉

  • Oh my gosh, I’ve had a bad beet experience! �� My mom scarred me for life when I was 8. She made me beets for the first time (pretty sure they were just boiled or steamed, they definitely weren’t roasted!) and I tried a bite of them and told her I didn’t like them (because they tasted like dirt I was not a picky eater!). She made me sit in front of my plate for 2 hours until it was bedtime! I refused to keep trying them because I just couldn’t get past that dirt flavour. AND THEN SHE SERVED THEM TO ME AGAIN THE NEXT DAY. And again, I sat in front of my plate of untouched beets until bedtime �� She never made them for me again �� Years later I tried to give them another shot in the juicer with some fruits and vegetables and they made the juice taste like dirt. But I’m going to try the Detroit dark reds this fall and hopefully, with roasting, I can finally eat beets!

  • Love your videos. I am a beginner to growing vegetables and fruit. I live in Ireland so colder but great advice and i can apply it to our weather

  • Radish greens are yummy! I’ve made pesto, which is great, but my fave is Radish greens soup with potatoes, sauteed onions and garlic, cumin, and diced tomatoes with chilis. Yum!

  • I really dislike beats… but I worked at an organic farm last summer and they grew BADGER FLAME BEETS and it was the best tasting beet

  • Hi Jess y’all are the bomb I’ll Follow your channels and they are totally awesome I love how you witness to others and about yourself and it’s so wonderful praise God I love everything about your videos this is Carol the Mission Texas God bless you and I hope God gives you guys you all the blessings to make everything possible how y’all what y’all are doing I love your channels thank you for keeping us watching Carol again from the Houston Texas

  • This has got to be the best, single, video I’ve seen regarding the topic (and I’ve seen a few). Thank you for the organization, content, and energy you’ve put into this work. I also appreciate the amazon links, and the disclosures.

  • There is something I don’t get…
    You say: N-P-K => 10-10-10 means 10%-10%-10% (So far, so good)
    Then, you say: 100 pounds of 30-0-0 is exactly the same as 200 pounds of 15-0-0…
    While the end result is still 30 (pounds, I guess), you still have 100 (pounds..?) more when using the 2nd, than using the 30-0-0…
    Which to me, is still 15%, and not 30%. Am I missing something..?
    Learning everyday, but this one tricks me…

  • I’m currently in quarantine in Las Vegas NV. And all the gardening success that I have done so far is thanks to you. Sincerely Emma Brown!

  • Because of Jess I have been continually inspired to garden this year. I avoided gardening my whole life because I am afraid of bugs. But I currently have zinnias, African daisies, tomatoes, a bunch of herbs growing on my patio. And I’m also doing a fall garden: French breakfast radishes, Detroit dark red beets, kale, Danvers half long carrots, lettuce, tendergreen mustard spinach, snowball x cauliflower, Calabrese broccoli, early golden acre cabbage. The dollar tree usually has seeds 4 for $1 at the beginning of the season but I was tickled to find that in July they mark them down to 10 for $1. I got all my fall seeds then and some for spring next year ��

  • What if my light is only 2 ft long is that the same Kelvin to lumen ratio?? Because I can’t find anything online and not at home depot Ethier.

  • Hey Gary! I’m looking for lighting thats affordable! the light you recommended is unavailable…. the lower option is still available, but i’m looking at this…
    Barrina LED Shop Light
    4FT 36W 4000LM 5000K, Daylight White, Dual Shape, Frosted Cover, Hight Output, T8 LED Tube Lights….. Will this do the trick?

  • Oh Jess I don’t want to appear creepy but you are absolutely stunning in this video, just so natural, i love your hair like this too.

    Now on to the video that was a great tip, vinegar and roasting, maybe when i get my own property, i can do some beets too �� carrots and potatoes are a given, I’m not sure about beans though

  • Just starting a garden myself. Also molybdenum is pronounced “muh-lib-duh-nuhm”. Im a chem nerd, not trying to criticize you, just pointing it out. Thanks for the garden advice.

  • Hey Jess! Hope you see this. Im in Upstate NY. Looking for a video of yours on potatoes. Do you have one? If not id really love you to show us how you do yours. I know you guys are busy right now!

  • root veg tip: replant carrot tops in a corner of the garden to flower and seed low maintenance comeback and free grow seed bank etc
    overgrown onions too.

  • So I tried growing carrots & beets my first year ( 2 years ago) and it was an epic fail. I planted them for Summer though…. Last year I didn’t bother planting any, but this year I did buy some seeds and was waiting to plant them until mid May, but I think I’ll wait until September!!! Thanks so much for that tip! Oh and Brussel sprouts is one of my very favorite vegetables, along with beets ��

  • Thank you so much about roasting radishes. I will give this a try this fall. My husband may even learn to like them that way. Thanks again

  • My husband roasted some radishes for me last week. They were yummy! Definitely going to plant some on my patio when it gets cool here an AL ��

  • This was such a good video! I’m trying to start an indoor garden for mostly herbs and some veggies and air purifying plants and have no clue where to begin. I’m so happy I found your channel!

  • Hi Jess. Your passion is so inspiring I’m going to grow all three! Loving the oxheart carrots. I tried roasting shop bought radishes before and hated them, but you’ve inspired me to grow a sweeter variety and give those a try:0)
    Your an excellent teacher. Thank you xx

  • Love the video! But, I think it’s important to mention that the macronutrients (NPK) are essential for the plants survival, while the micronutrients are essential for optimal growth, flowering and reproduction. Some of the micronutrients were said to be “extremely” important, which is not the case. They’re just important. ��

  • if you are growing,using only microbes to do the work you should not have allot of problems,aslong as as you keep thos microbes alive and healthy

  • Not sure what happened in 2 years but the grow lights are about 3 to 4 times more expansive now than mentioned in the video, when they are not just unavailable.

  • That’s what I’m having for Christmas dinner with oven roasted salmon

    That’s right no turkey no goose no duck no roast beef not this year

  • Great video. I’m wondering would blood and kelp meal be more adequate supplements and lower in nitrogen. I want to can my carrots. Keep up the great work you are doing ��

  • I think one magnesium was supposed to manganese and traces of other transition metals are needed to, eg cobalt is required for viable seed production and it is the metal at the centre of vitamin B12 with out it B12 can not be formed just like haemoglobin cant be formed without iron. Silicon is a big one I didnt see on that list, it is not absolutely required but is used in many of the structures of plants

  • I love roasted radishes! A few years ago, I had a handful left in the fridge and threw them on a pan with the other stuff. Boy howdy! They were a big hit!

  • Just my littls “patch” of knowledge here. It is my understanding that Iron is probs the most important trace element, other than one a plant is lacking obviously. It makes things LUSH deep deep green
    Why? Well, the plants you put all that Nitrogen into need Iron to do its turning Green Thing. Sort of like the chain cause effects explained in the vid. I learned this info on a website dedicated to the growth of St. Augustine grass.

  • I started my seed in doors with light like you suggested and they started coming up in 2 days,my problem they are real legggie what happened? What to do now?

  • Thanks for the tips on this video!! We have really thick clay soil (we will be adding raised beds eventually) but great tips on amending the clay soil!

  • I’ve grown radishes, carrots and potatoes in containers. My potatoes were smaller than I expected, but they were so delicious and made fluffy baked potatoes!

  • Rather than go over the symptoms it would have been helpful to understand what fertilizer to use for what, different types, and how to use them properly

  • Always great info! Do you have a video about strawberries from seed? I’ve tried 2 yrs in a row and it hasn’t been productive, I think I know where I messed up but curious if you have a video on them.

  • “When you eat your vegetables, you want them borderline burnt.” I used to think I was terrible at roasting root vegetables until I saw this video because I thought they were too brown. I love them like that but I thought I was the only one. Thanks for sharing this……

  • Wow! LOL pinching or cutting to thin makes so much sense! I love beets and have a friend who hates them because they taste like dirt which I never thought they did until she said that.

  • I found you through the greenhouse greens video. I have been binge watching your videos completely inspired. I haven’t read through all the comments so it’s possible someone else has already brought it to your attention but at 12:28 of this video over the shoulder of your tattooed arm there is a hummingbird feeding at your flowers.

  • Love beets. Roasted, and then blended into a smoothie with raspberries and apples. Or roasted with sweet potatoes, rutabagas,and jicama…pickled in a sweet and spicy brine.

  • Great video. I’ve learned so much! My cucumber plant is lacking all of these nutrients. I don’t know what to do. Spots are spreading on all the leaves.

  • 10:15 Copper deficiency has the same effect on Humans “hair” turning GREY, who knew… �� (molasses is the remedy…, not sure if that works for plants… a drop of ��)

  • Great looking recipe chef. You make it look simple and easy. Definitely gonna follow it for a test run this week. If it works, I’ll use it for Thanksgiving next week. Just one question. Regular Maple Syrup (like Log Cabin or Aunt Jemima’s) or are you using like that 100% pure maple syrup stuff?

  • Hi, my capsicum plant was growing well however few days ago it’s leaf are turning in to cup shape. Please help me to understand the reason will forward you a pic as well

  • I love growing radishes. I like the peppery crunchy taste but I’ve never roasted them. My boyfriend doesn’t like the peppery bite so I might try it.

  • This was so good! Thank you! I love how you say you’re a simple gardener but you always back your suggestions up with science and evidence.

  • I’m a soil scientist and I recently just started a channel all about the science of gardening. My main focus has obviously been on the soil. I just released a video on deficiencies & fertilizer solutions.

  • Great talk! Love what your shirt says. I’m impressed with your spirit. Working my way through your library of videos. Blessings

  • Interesting vidbut I’ve learned from soil biologists that the soil has all of those elementsit may not be bioavailable to your plants when there isn’t adequate symbiotic interaction between the microbes and roots. The cheapest and best long-term way to benefit your plants is to increase those bacteria and fungi, which will attract all other parts of soil food web (nematodes, arthropods, worms, etc.)To do that, most recommend compost tea and more live roots in the soil (cover crops and even weeds sometimes). Makes sense.

  • ….Bokashi!!..of course!! ���� your vid just popped up on my recommendwho knew?! The universe has a way of providing, always, haha. Love & light Kevin ��

  • If I have the seed starter kit… I put a bit of water under, leave the top off? Or do you suggest I don’t put water from under? And just use a spray bottle to spray it once or twice a day?

  • So far this is the best out of 4 videos I’ve found on starting seeds indoors. I feel like you care about getting across INFORMATION we need to know and you’ve educated yourself to be in the position to be a good source of information.

  • Many people create content on that topic and I really appreciate your work! But could you please also make a follow-up video on how to amend deficient soils in an organic farming context? I’m not talking compost, PH, etc…. I would like to know how to add e.g. Boron when a Boron deficiency has been detected if you are an organic gardener.

  • My plants are yellowing in the veins, new growth, rest of plant is very nice, large, massive growth noticable every two days…any ideas? Thanks for the videos!

  • This video starts out with having you write down what you think a plant needs. This is why I started watching, I HAVE NO CLUE! WTF DUDE? Also he leave out CO2! That is needed more than O2! WTF?

  • JESS!!! I only discovered your wonderful channel last week but I must say, it is by far the most informative and interesting one I follow to date. My fav aspect is that you actually include the science behind the growing process, flavour and etc etc! I live in tropical North Queensland in Australia and currently have a block only 350sqm tiny! I grow tomatoes, bananas, avocados, paw paw, mangoes, couple citrus and minimal herbs. I also grow and sell native butterfly host plants which is my contribution to conservation ❤ But ater seeing how bloody expensive veg is, I’ve taken all your priceless knowledge and advice and am creating many vertical beds to maximize the gardening potential of my tiny yard! I cannot thank you enough. I sit here on this rainy AND sunny Sunday morning with a coffee and note pad and watch your videos. You inspire me ��������❤

  • I know I’m late to the party but I have to say that I was looking for exactly this explanation when I started my search today. I wasted 20 mins of my time with all these random videos that just didn’t explain it properly or at least to my understanding. I then came here. Even though I’ve been a subscriber for a few weeks I didn’t look here first. For now on, i’m always coming here first. I learned so much from the other videos here that I really should start here all the time. This was exactly what I needed to learn in more ways than one. Here’s why I was searching for this.

    I picked up some tomato plants from home depot. I’ve had them for about 7 days and the ones I haven’t had a chance to transplant from soil to hydro yet have the lower leaves turning yellow and drying up. (I currently do not have nutrients in the ones I transplanted). I’ve been giving them tap water every few days. (no nutrients or PH adjustment) My first search to try to find out why said ” it’s either to much or to little water” WHAT?! How does that help me? Anyway, tomorrow they are getting added to the DWC and i’ll be adding the nutrients. I’m hoping the GH 3 part I have takes care of what they need. The PH in my city water is high even after adding nutrients, so I’m adjusting that too. I’m hoping getting them in water with the nutrients will help resolve their issues.

    Your channel should be called Professor of Epic Gardening or Epic Gardening Master Class.

  • What’s an organic way to increase phosphorus in the soil? I use coffee to increase nitrogen, banana for potassium, egg powder for calcium; what would help with phosphorus?

  • Hey…I have one like that…great little dish…so versatile…beautiful veggies…I miss the cutting board…..miss it…..yes, I do….Happy Thanksgiving Holidays to You and Yours!

  • It’s so exciting to watch your favorite creators grow and do the things they are passionate about!

    Also, if you’re ever in the market for a new daughter! Count me in. Would love to do something like this but I think my parents would have a heart attack ��

  • Thank you EG, this is a really good video. Shows you exactly what to look for in terms of nutrient deficiencies but also the importance of trace elements. This cannot be emphasised enough. Having been in the Diamond Exploration business for over 45 years, over that time I learned that ANY volcanic rock extrusions but in particular Kimberlites (in which diamonds occur), if crushed sufficiently fine enough (say around 0.1mm or less) are sooooooo beneficial to plants when applied as a supplement. It’s like enabling vegetative growth on steroids. Well done mate. Brilliant.

  • Hey sir. What do you think if we blanched the root veg with some white vinegar instead of salt, would that make them looking more shiny and colourful?
    Give it a go next time maybe?

  • Gary, I have to say for videos are definitely packed with everything anyone would need to know from beginning to end, you cover everything thank you so much. My 1st round of vegetables were planted without ever knowing about fungus gnats……i’m actually boiling water now as I type this. I can’t thank you enough for sharing your wisdom and years of experience with everyone. GOD BLESS. BTW, I am also about to purchase grow lights from your shop.

  • Thanks so much for all the great tips on root vegetables�� I’m learning so much watching your vlogs and enjoy them immensely ❤️ God Bless you and your family ��

  • I stopped watching when you said 100 lbs of 10-10-10 fertilizer is just the same as 200 lbs of 5-5-5.. man that’s basic math, and they are not the same. You need to take this video down. You are articulate but misinformed. Do better next time.

  • Thank you for sharing your expertise. It’s very thoughtful of you to mention the cost benefit of everything that you demonstrated. Cheers to you and your family!

  • When you name a type of plant, could you please also show it in print. 
    I still can’t get the name of your favorite radish, it is “French fried fist”? Guess I’ll have to do a search for it.

  • I used to be a bodybuilder and obsessed about nutrition and diet. I apply what I learned building my own body, to my garden. (We’re more similar that you think in a certain way)
    I would love a list of matter to add to a compost heap, for certain nutrition issues
    Nitrogen comfrey, nettle, lawn clippings..
    Carbon Branches and woody materials..
    Calcium Dandelion leaves..
    Iron Spinach and other dark leaves..

    I figure that just like taking a multivitamin and eating crap all day, the soil will not be treated by endless fertiliser.
    Seems similar to fast food. Good in a crisis but not best practice.
    You must make the garden “eat” well (compost and mulch)
    I prefer a holistic approach and treat the soil with organic matter more often with fertiliser. Seems to be working well.
    I know troubleshooting means using some fertiliser, as issues occur, but I prefer to treat the problem not the symptoms.

    Just like in bodybuilding, where I started scrawny and finished at 105kg of muscle;
    The plot on our rental property was a neglected hell of rubble, weeds and 3ft of sand.
    Been applying permaculture methods to treat the soil up to 4ft deep in places.
    Healthy soil healthy food healthy ecosystem…..its all linked.

    Brilliant video. Very helpful
    Now where did I put that molybdenum….

  • How much Lumens the plant need ( and for how many hours)?

    LED boxes have varying powers, and the distance must be different for different light sets.

  • Thank you for Good Presentation.
    But can i know this concept. We know that Macronutrients are required in large quantities in plant Growth compared to Micronutrients which are required in low quantities.

    Why Micronutrients are required I lower quantities and we normally know that each element is essentially for growth in plant and when one nutrient become deficient the plant growth will be poor ( Law of Minimum). How will you deduce this concept because are uncorrelated.?

  • This was an awesome video and the information was so well delivered thank you! Question what if you don’t have a outdoor garden is there still a way to grow certain things indoor?

  • Thank u brother! Definitely needed this because im new and a couple of my plants are showing some of these signs. Great information! Namaste

  • One thing to also consider, if the soil PH is too high or to low, the different minerals have issues depending on whether or not the PH is high or low. Most plants do well with a ph between 7 and 5.5. Outside of thy range, and issues arise. So the liberal might be there, but it is not accessible due to improper PH. And then we throw biology in the mix, which makes the nutrients available to plant like through what called nutrient cycling. Lost of info to be discussed here. But you do a great job at showing and explaining the different deficiencies through the photos chosen. I commend you. And I give thanks for the info.

  • Love this, little trick…after par cooking rinse with cold water and pat dry with a paper towel to remove any extra starch ( that will help to crisper them faster)

  • Seed Starting Supplies:                  Please Support The Rusted Garden:                
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    I have Neem Oil, Peppermint Oil, Sprayers, Seeds and so much more at my shop…Please check out my Seed & Garden Shop for your gardening needs at http://www.therustedgarden.comRead more Show less

  • Thank you so much for the info on the hybrid seeds. I have steered away from them because of all the bad info I have heard. I am not going to be saving seeds. Not at that point in gardening yet. I am just trying to grow some vegetables. and dang I just bought the peat pots to start my seeds!!! Figured it would be less damaging to the plants roots when I transplant. Oh well going to go with what I have. I’m in very warm weather so going to have the seeds outdoors in the sun and indoors at night. going to try growing some broccoli and cauliflower as a fall crop

  • Thank you for doing this. Im more of a visual learner and was searching for this exact type of video. Honestly, it would be nice to have an expansive explanation with pictures (like this video did.) Of each element. The pros and cons of each element and what not.

  • I saw that blanching stuff before baking and my mind started wandering: “Oooo, maybe it gets the outside tender and that helps it char a bit faster without cooking too much inside and getting soggy? Oh, maybe having that tender outside makes it hold spices better and be more flavorful??”
    So I googled.
    It seems for the most part blanching is just for killing bacteria and stopping enzymes so you can freeze it or something.
    What a disappointment. It’s Christmas 2009 all over again…

  • Hey Gary! Thanks for all the help with my first garden. I”ve been using a light for 3 weeks now. Cells of 6. Pretty ambitious, I have a lot growing. My garden is waiting for transplants, and I have a lot of room there. I’ve built 3 double rows. However, I think I overseeded my cells. I’ve had to trim out A LOT. I notice that very few of the seedlings have begun to grow adult leaves…. A lot are skinny and almost looked stretched. I would imagine that they have been crowded and competing for life. I don’t know if they are ready for transplant. I’m down to about 4-6 seedlings per cell. It used to be 10/15 (i’ve had no idea what I’m doing).

    What should my next steps be? Will it hurt the seedlings if I split the cell soils in order to transplant to the garden? Should I start intermediate and put into cells of 4? I don’t have much more room under my light. At what point can I just say screw it and put them in the ground? I’m in Colorado, by the way. In Denver. We’re getting very good growing weather for the next week and a half.

    Thank you so much!!!


  • Hi Gary, love your videos�� I’ve learned so much from you. Last year I had tomato plants that were 6feet tall, an wow did I have tomatoes. Thanks for the easy to follow instructional videos.

  • FINALLY I understand why I was never successful at growing carrots (… in the arid tropics).

    Funny how you look at videos coming out of mostly the US where people can afford to say, ‘grow in full sun’, when their ‘full sun’ is a very, very different thing to the ‘full sun’ of the tropics.

  • Plants require 17 essential elements for growth: carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), sulfur (S), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), boron (B), chlorine (Cl), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn).
    Manganese was left off of your list my OG but it is essential and very important for healthy green foliage and along with iron these two elements are often misdiagnosed as a Nitrogen deficiency because people automatically think if the foliage is yellow it’s a lack of N. Calcium is a Macro nutrient imho as you stated it is responsible for the translocation of nutrients and cation exchange in the root zone.

  • Hi Gary! I see some people say to keep the seedlings in a dark spot until they germinate and then put them under light. I have put seeds in their container last night and have them under a light right away. Is there a pro/con for doing it this way?

  • I tried grilled radishes yesterday and IMMEDIATELY went out and sowed some more seeds. I can not believe this is not a more popular dish! Easily one of my new favorite foods. Thank you for this video.

  • How far apart do radishes need to be…my daughter got a victory garden kit…it has like 5 or 6 baby radish coming up in 1.5 sq inch pot… are they young enough(less than an inch) they could be carefully moved? Or do we have to cut them all back but 1? Etc what do you think is best?

  • I love your videos, you stick to the topic and don’t keep talking n talking n talking just to increase the length of the video. Please be a bit more informative on the harvesting time. How to pick the right harvesting time. Wish you make similar video on turmeric,ginger and garlic too

  • Awesome video man I love it when people share real knowledge! It is definitely a lot to ingest but well worth the time to learn how to keep your garden fine-tuned. I’ve always been a fan of Harley Smith and he’s with the NPK University. Just a treasure Trove of knowledge!

  • So I bought a portable greenhouse from aldis and now I am confused about what to do with it. Am I supposed to put my starter seeds in there?

  • I am new to this and was becoming overwhelmed and started thinking gardening might not be for me. Your video is very helpful and informative! Thanks!

  • I am not a picky eater but i have never liked beets. That was compounded by the fact that my mom went on a juicing kick when i was a teen and i had to choke down cup after cup of beet juice

  • Love that smell of dirt after rain! Love pickled beets, especially home grown! So glad to know about roasting radishes. Great info! I will try all these.

  • hi i just need a bit of help i bought a young poncirus trifoliata hardy orange the leaves were nice and green i moved it from a small pot 9cm and planted it in a large plant pot and put it in the shade as i got told with ericaceous soil but the leaves have gone all like a cream colour is it dying or is it lacking some vitamins some advice would help cheers from the united kingdom

  • Thank you for sharing! I’ve been doing a lot of research but I am still lost when it’s assumed I know anything because I have no idea. I won’t let that stop me and thank you again. Keep posting please!

  • I’m a first time gardener starting a garden in zone 4 (sheesh) and found your channel totally by accident. Your face and vibe seemed familiar to me, so I kept watching. In one video I heard you mention that the closest town was Vilonia, AR, which is actually where I grew up! And in fact, you seem so familiar that I think we may have played softball together as kids. Crazy! I’m about to direct sow some beets in my high raised beds and I think it’s so great that the advice I have is from someone my age back in good ole Arkansaw.:)

  • I want to thank you for the videos. You have a no nonsense teaching methodology that’s easy to understand. Your knowledge base is impressive. I grab some popcorn and a notepad and watch your videos in preparation for gardening then next morning. ❤️

  • I’m 70 years old and have gardened most of my life.  95 % of the folks with channels on gardening are still wet behind their ears and give out advice they shouldn’t.  There was good advice here.  I am giving this guy a thumbs up.

  • I found that synthetic nutrients may not always mean chemically made. it could mean the organic mater has been broken down in the way the plant can up take.

  • Thank you my friend for all the helpful information ��…. I have learned a lot from your channel thank you for all the knowledge ✌️

  • So no germination domes/covers for seed starting indoors? Not during germination or once seedlings have germinated and are under the lights?

  • Hey Steve, couple quick questions. I grow pickle bush cucumbers and a few tomato plants each year. I built some really nice cucumber trellis and train them to grow up. So, when I seed start my plants, how long before I need to move to a bigger vessel and when should I start my seeds? I live in Il so I usually plant right around Mothers day. I just dont want to start too early then have to transplant 3 or 4 times. Id like to start with the 3 or 4″ cups seeing that I only grow about 8 cucumber plants and 3 tomato plants. Thanks and very nice vid. I plan on buying a light to get started in the basement this year.

  • gary I have a metal bldg. that I have plenty of grow lights in but no heat source and I am in zone 7B  will my seeds germinate under the lights without a heat source??

  • Steven, the tip about parboiling the veg was crucial. It helps all the veg cook more evenly. I wonder if microwaving has a place here. I am not a big fan of the microwave, but sometimes it does have its usefulness, and it does reduce the loss of nutrients over boiling. An alternative to maple syrup is pomegranate molasses ala Otam Ottolenghi. Great work!

  • All of these things occur from putting chemicalized nutrient solutions in your plant in the first place. I dont agree with none of this bullshit this man is saying. Idgaf how well spoken he is. Sounds like a damn machine to me. Fck outta here ��

  • So, you can’t grow flowers with the lumens and calvins suggested here? I think I am a bit confused. If not, what lumens and calvins are best to grow flowers? Help please. I’m getting prepared to grow a bunch of seeds for the first time because I realized that to fill up my 4 new window boxes, it will cost a ton of money, so instead, I have bought a bunch of seeds and will start everything indoors.

  • Appreciate your honest and straightforward approach to handling the non-GMO and organic topics. I have started watching a lot of homesteading/gardening YTubers and have been frustrated about the misinformatuon some of them spread on these topics. Thank you for making great videos!

  • Thank you for this awesome collaboration Jess! It was a lot of fun! I really love the things you covered! I’m hungry for carrots now! xoxoxo

  • Great video is very useful. Now that I know what my plants are deficient in. How do I fix each problem? Which brands do you recommend for nitrogen, magnesium, and potassium? Its all different plants.

  • My white raddish plants are very tall but when I plucked, raddish is so tiny, disappointed. Why is this? I was suspecting on soil, may be it’s hard.

    Beets are showing same sign… I don’t see beets forming. Any suggestions?

  • That is so awesome. I have for the first time set up a vege garden now. Do i need to do anything to rejuvenate the soil after every harvest? Can i reuse the soil?

  • Omg jus found your channel on my tablet and I love it. Had to come follow on as well lol.. Wish i know u in real life! �� love from the Caribbean thank u so much for all this info jus getting into gardening.

  • QUESTION: I live in Louisiana…zone 8b I was thinking about growing parsnips in the tomato beds. I am using rabbit manure and bonemeal much like you. Do you think that would work?

  • I loved all the details from start to finish, I just wish I could grow carrots just one time. I’ve never had success growing them. Thank you, and Jesus loves you!

  • I make knock out beet pickles but I just love beets!!! And they are awesome for juicing!! Cancer fighters should use beets and carrots juiced! God Bless

  • I live in a small apartment. I Have a small patio. I’ve been interested in using gallon water bottles to plant in. What do you advise as far as the water bottles are concerned?

  • This is the most informative video I have seen on starting a garden. Very well thought out and explained. It covers everything I had questions about, GMO, Org seeds, lighting, etc. Finally, I have found a trustworthy source. In my opinion, there is no need to go elsewhere. Thank you, Gary!

  • So if boiling water gets rid of fungus that is in store bought seed starting mix, wouldn’t it then sterilize dirt from outside as well? I’m trying to find the cheapest possible way to go about doing this haha.

  • what does it say that I had better success with carrots last spring than with radishes?��‍♀️ Maybe I wasn’t patient enough with the radishes.

  • You’re so fun to watch. Thanks for the inspiration you always bring. And I LOVE Rutabagas which I hated when my Grandma used to make them every Thanksgiving. I like the flavor they give when added to gravy too. Wow, does that look mouth watering good.

  • In all honesty, looking at the list of nutrients, I think I could just as well give my plants a couple drops of blood thrice a week. The basic contents are almost identical��

  • Have you tested different brands of heat mats? I’ve gone through about 4 ohuhu mats within a months time. They seem to stop working after a few weeks. I’ve read similar reviews by people who’ve tried Vivosun. I’d like to buy some mats that I can use for many seasons without having to replace due to the mats not heating up. Any suggestions for better quality brands that have worked well for you?

  • Hi Kevin, hope you’re well! �� I’ve only recently discovered your videos & as a wee novice gardener, finding them extremely helpful this one is a gold nugget for sure. You have a great manner for teaching. I’m in the west coast of Scotland.

    My question is: How available & helpful to plants, would a beaten raw egg be, if poured in the soil? Would it kill or harm the plant at all? I also have some gifted trout I cant eat is it worth burying it for nitrogen or anything? Many thanks for your help so far..���� Kind regards, Gill

  • Soooo exciting!!! So we finally moved from apartment to our own house. We have a decent size backyard and it’s filled with wood chips and some part is cement. I’m soooo excited to start growing veggies there!!

    I remember last year I watched all tour videos and grew zucchini, jalapeño, herbs and carrot in pots. You were growing in your backyard and me in my patio. Now I have a backyard and you have a farm! What a good life!!! Thanks to god! ��������

    I’m not sure how to go about converting regular land into raised beds, I don’t have any tools. But I’ll invest in some, buy some compost, some wooden planks and get started soon. My husband and I are waiting for the rain to end in California, our backyard is filled with weeds now. Hope we can get started soon! Just wanted to share.

    Waiting for the farm series! ����

  • One nitpicky point. 100 pounds of 30-0-0 is the same as 200 lbs of 15-0-0 in terms of nitrogen content, but not “exactly the same.” It just means that the 100 pounds has twice as much nitrogen content as the the 200 pounds. The 200 pounds has more non-nitrogen content. This distinction might be important to people gardening in smaller spaces like pots or raised beds. Thanks for this video!

  • God I love root vegetables and I’m always wondering why people don’t eat more of them. Try making Celeriac dauphinoise sometime you won’t be disappointed ��

  • It’s so awesome to see someone who looks so passionate about what they do. The video is great, I am planning on trying planting some veggies in the future and hopefully things go well!

  • Thank you for this vid, it was so helpful! Idk about the audio comments, I could hear just fine. Maybe I’m just used to it, I honestly didn’t notice the music until I saw the comments ����‍♀️