Study Suggests We are Condemned to remain Fat. Wait, What


Gary Taubes: Why We Get Fat

Video taken from the channel: Diet Doctor


Why Weight Discrimination Persists In The U.S. Workplace

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Lecture 7 Nutrition and Metabolism

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Why We Get Fat: And What to Do About It | Gary Taubes | Talks at Google

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Ivor Cummins ‘Avoiding and Resolving Modern Chronic Disease’

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How to Detoxify the Liver for Weight Loss: Health HackThomas DeLauer

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Opening Remarks Day Two by Dr Aseem Malhotra | PHC Conference 2018

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And we’re going to stay fat forever. At least, that’s what a recent study conducted by researchers at King’s College, London, suggested: “The chance of returning to a normal weight after becoming obese is only one in 210 for men and one in 124 for women over a year.” If the person is severely obese, the chances are even less. There’s a reason why a recent study suggests we’re doomed to stay fat: temporary diet changes and temporary workout plans don’t work! If you want to change your appearance in the long term, your normal life (how you live every day) has to change.

The study involved 10 normal-weight women and nine normal-weight men between the ages of 18 and 30. Both groups were shown images of people with different body shapes (either fat. The study, published in the journal Biological Psychiatry, suggests that a high-fat diet alters the mix of bacteria in the gut known as the gut microbiome. These changes, researchers from. A large, 18-country study may turn current nutritional thinking on its head.

The new research suggests that it’s not the fat in your diet that’s raising your risk of premature death, it’s too many. Eating Fat Doesn’t Make You Fat, Study Finds. By Sara G. Miller 06 June but a new study suggests that might not be the case. Stay up to date. (Newser) – A new preliminary study reveals a way to burn more fat—but you have to be willing to restrict all your daily eating to a 6-hour window.

Researchers found that participants who took in. The study is certainly interesting, but we’re going to have to wait a bit and see the long term results. This article also challenges some of the opinions here. ‘Diet’ products can make you fat, study shows Date: April 25, 2017 Source: University of Georgia Summary: High-fat foods are often the primary target when fighting obesity, but sugar-laden ‘diet.

Forget those diets and weight-loss schemes that don’t work: If you’re trying to drop a few pounds fast, try these proven, easy expert tips to lose the weight.

List of related literature:

The same study also revealed that rats who exercise don’t get as fat as the other rats, even ifthey gobble fatty food.

“State of Slim: Fix Your Metabolism and Drop 20 Pounds in 8 Weeks on the Colorado Diet” by James O. Hill, Holly Wyatt, Christie Aschwanden
from State of Slim: Fix Your Metabolism and Drop 20 Pounds in 8 Weeks on the Colorado Diet
by James O. Hill, Holly Wyatt, Christie Aschwanden
Rodale Books, 2013

On the other hand, despite a decrease in consumption of fat in the past 30 years, the rate of obesity has risen to an all-time high [68].

“Textbook of Gastroenterology” by Tadataka Yamada, David H. Alpers, Anthony N. Kalloo, Neil Kaplowitz, Chung Owyang, Don W. Powell
from Textbook of Gastroenterology
by Tadataka Yamada, David H. Alpers, et. al.
Wiley, 2011

A 2014 study indicated that research will continue to explore obesity and overweight.

“Krause and Mahan’s Food and the Nutrition Care Process E-Book” by Janice L Raymond, Kelly Morrow
from Krause and Mahan’s Food and the Nutrition Care Process E-Book
by Janice L Raymond, Kelly Morrow
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2020

Even so, scientists continue to study other possible contributions to the epidemic of obesity.

“Fitness cycling” by Brian J. Sharkey, Steven E. Gaskill
from Fitness cycling
by Brian J. Sharkey, Steven E. Gaskill
Human Kinetics, 2013

And we’re not alone in our excess: Obesity is now the fifth leading risk factor for mortality worldwide.

“Exercise Is Medicine: How Physical Activity Boosts Health and Slows Aging” by Judy Foreman
from Exercise Is Medicine: How Physical Activity Boosts Health and Slows Aging
by Judy Foreman
Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 2020

New evidence suggests that the high intake of trans fats may also lead to abdominal obesity, another risk factor for CVD.

“Braunwald's Heart Disease E-Book: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine” by Robert O. Bonow, Douglas L. Mann, Douglas P. Zipes, Peter Libby
from Braunwald’s Heart Disease E-Book: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine
by Robert O. Bonow, Douglas L. Mann, et. al.
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2011

Yet, at the same time, many of us envision we will eat less, exercise more, and save more in the not-too-distant future.

“The Behavioral Foundations of Public Policy” by Eldar Shafir
from The Behavioral Foundations of Public Policy
by Eldar Shafir
Princeton University Press, 2013

These and other findings over the last several decades have confirmed the link between overeating, obesity, and adverse health outcomes.

“Health Economics” by Jay Bhattacharya, Timothy Hyde, Peter Tu
from Health Economics
by Jay Bhattacharya, Timothy Hyde, Peter Tu
Palgrave Macmillan, 2013

Experimental evidence to prove this hypothesis would take many decades, but two large prospective studies confirmed that body fat distribution did indeed predict risk of future cardiovascular disease (Canoy et al. 2007; Yusufetal.

“Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity” by Franck Mauvais-Jarvis
from Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity
by Franck Mauvais-Jarvis
Springer International Publishing, 2017

In other words, obesity is probably caused by small incremental increases in daily caloric intake (or small increases in sedentary activities), not massive binges of overeating.

“Children, Adolescents, and the Media” by Victor C. Strasburger, Barbara J. Wilson, Amy B. Jordan
from Children, Adolescents, and the Media
by Victor C. Strasburger, Barbara J. Wilson, Amy B. Jordan
SAGE Publications, 2009

Alexia Lewis RD

Registered Dietitian Nutritionist and Certified Heath Coach who believes life is better with science, humor, and beautiful, delicious, healthy food.

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  • You said that the milk thiestle must be bind with phosphatidylcholine ( in my country i found only SOY phosphatidylcholine is this ok????)

  • Milk thistle has an estrogenic effect on males I took milk thistle for few days It caused me erectile problems. So maybe you should advice for that as well, yes its natural but theres a downside!!!

  • What’s the point of all your talking? Nothing as for as i’m concerned. I will go ahead and end this argument because your obviously not getting the point of what i am trying to say or what Harley is trying to do, which is help people but your puny brain can’t seem to comprehend that. So i’ll leave you alone troll.

  • @ysbvtcg yep. I was looking everywhere for the best way to put on huge muscles mass. And really I encourage you set aside just 10 minutes and make up your mind for yourself. The video is public now. Have a look:

  • First it was fat people. Then obesity and high BMI. Now apparently it’s high body weight individuals. Next it will be low body weight deficient individuals. Come on with this stupid language game. It does nothing to solve the problem or help people. If you are fat own it. I’m fat and I dont have a problem saying it. Sugar coating the language just distorts the issue. And that issue could literally cause death if not dealt with. So grow up and deal with your weight issue.

  • The interviewer was Dr. Andreas Eenfeldt, MD. He is a fit doctor and having high fat low carb as his lifestyle. Who said low carbers don’t eat vegetables and fruits?

  • Hi Thomas, I’ve been fasting off and on for two months on water and 3 day dry fast as well. I’ve done keto diet in the past, but would now like to include it with fasting. My next step would be doing the Epsom salt and olive oil liver flash sometime this week. Question, my gallbladder was removed back in 2008 for lack of knowledge on my end, Is it still possible to do this liver flush I speak of without a gallbladder? Thank you for posting your informative video I will buy the product you spoke of, no problem with beets love them, yummy goodness. God Bless you and your wife.

  • Hey Thomas, ive looked everywhere for the milk thistle u mentioned to have the phosphatidylcholine with no luck… can u provide a link on where to find it!? Thank u so much for ur expertise!!!

  • These videos are totally Cringe-worthy, the stupid girl smiling for no reason, the guy talking in the wrong direction, takes any chance he can to get his shirt off…a real joke.

  • I make my own milk thistle capsules from milk thistle seed I get at the health food store…. I grind it fresh so it’s not bound with anything… I do drink beetroot juice almost daily though…. are you saying I need to buy milk thistle caps from a company to get this other thing bound to it?

  • Weight loss programs are dying for everyone to try their products to show that they really do help you lose weight.
    Well i just found a website that will send free test products to your home, its the secret trick to free weight loss programs!:)
    Get yours here

  • Ivor you have out-done yourself yet again. What a fantastic talk!

    Although I’ve been learning from many others the past couple of years I really believe I owe you at least 75% of the credit for my own turnaround.

    A few years ago—after 15-20 years with a Tg:HDL ratio of >5 (once as high as 9.5!!!)—I suddenly brought it to a more reasonable level of ˜3 simply by eliminating sugar.

    While feeling pretty good about myself, I came across your videos, then your book, and came to realize how much more I had to do.

    Yesterday morning I received my latest lipid profile, showing a Tg:HDL ratio of 1.35…a level I used to think was impossible for me.

    And what did the doctor say, do you suppose? That I have borderline high LDL (which, by the way, has also dropped some) and therefore I should eat less fat, more whole grains, and consider medications. Wonderful advice…the exact opposite of what I’ve done to make this much progress!!

    Sorry doc, I’m driving this train now and my next stop is to get this ratio below 1.

  • Knew a guy on steroids who would use Milk thistle to protect his liver. He said it works. I’ll use it without roids and I like the beet juice idea

  • Man… everyone is suffering from some form of discrimination. If a person at a zoo or a veterinarian office is not being treated well by all non human individuals they will march into the wild and yell at animals stating that we are organisms too they may even file charges against bacteria stating they don’t get sick as others and feel they are being discriminated from not using their sick days.

  • Would this daily regimen, in addition to your ACV, lemon, cayenne morning drink, have any benefit or harm to someone with cirrhosis of the liver?

  • What toxins are you exactly talking about, and where’s the research behind this? A 2009 investigation found that not a single company behind 15 commercial cleanses could name the toxins targeted by their treatment, agree on the definition of the word ‘detox’, or even supply evidence that their products work….
    Instead of wasting your time on these detoxes focus on long-term sustainable health habits, like eating unprocessed nutritious food on a daily basis. Leafy greens, protein, and fruits are not just tastier than a cleanse, but will actually benefit your body too.

  • can u do a video about bloated belly what to do i got a jelly belly think might be bloated nothing i do is working i work hard excerising trying to do that right excersies to get the best results my last weight was 47.7kg i fine but just that this flab i dont shape it down i eat well for being a vegeratian it so frustrating

  • The [email protected] of detox continues. What a load of crap. Do some real research before buying anything this asshat is selling. Nothing but BS. I don’t think he knows what the liver actually does.

  • (cont’d) Also, keep in mind the context of the discussion, which is what’s best for “most of us”. So one can safely take the word “you” in my comment as an impersonal “you”. The question is, what can the average range of dieters trying to lose weight accomplish in 60-90 min/day. And are they better served by low intensity, high duration or high intensity for 60 90 minutes. I’d bet on the former.
    (I think I’d die of boredom before the 90min on the gym-cycle was up. And I’ll bet I’m not alone.)

  • In the U.S. we are currently experiencing decreased life expectancy. Men in their 50’s are especially susceptible to premature death. Suicide is an issue.

  • Charcoal lowers the concentration of total lipids, cholesterol, and triglycerides in the blood serum, liver, heart and brain. In one study on patients with high cholesterol, reported in August, 1986 in the British journal, The Lancet, two tablespoons (8 gms) of activated charcoal taken three times a day for four weeks, lowered total cholesterol 25%, lowered LDL cholesterol 41%, and doubled their HDL/LDL (high-density lipoprotein/low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol ratio. Kidney International Supplement (June 1978) demonstrated that activated charcoal is able to significantly reduce serum triglycerides (up to 76%) in severely hyperlipidemic patients, and suggested that “charcoal may find applicability in the management of azotemic diabetic and nephrotic hyperlipidemia.”
    These findings were again confirmed in a Finnish study reported in the European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology in 1989. Seven patients were fed 4,8,16, or 32g of activated charcoal per day. “Serum total and LDL-cholesterol were decreased (maximum 29% and 41%, respectively) and the ratio of HDL/LDLcholesterol was increased (maximum 121%) by charcoal in a dose dependent manner.” In another study of ten patients with severe hypercholesterolaemia the effectiveness of activated charcoal was compared to cholestyramine (Questran®). Activated charcoal was found to lower total serum cholesterol, and raise the HDL/LDL ratio on a par with cholestyramine and also reduced serum triglycerides, whereas cholestyramine raised serum triglycerides!

  • Great stuff Ivor, well done… I had systems crash and lost the clycocalyx ref you sent, but great anaysis… working on the crazy Seed Oil issie currently…


  • People of SIZE or HIGH WEIGHT people pose a hazard for regular weight people that work in travel, healthcare and nursing homes… The question remains unanswered should their problems jeopardizing others. Are they more entitled for assistance due to size???

  • Nice… but I don’t think most of us can walk 16-20 miles a day due to time constraints… Heck at 3.5mph that’s 4.5 to 6hrs a day of walking…

    I can burn 1600kcal pretty easily in only 60-90 minutes at the gym…depending on which exercise I choose…

    The problem with walking is we’re too bloody efficient at it to be an effective fat-loss tool, unless as the diabetic fellow and you pointed out, you can devote 6 hrs a day to it.

    I’d venture 99% of people cannot.

  • So weight stigma is unhealthy, but overweight is fine? People which tries to remain fit, despite all this world of “softness” which did engulf the modern life, should see others in a trace of self sabotaging, in a path of self-destruction, as inspiring sources? Honestly, I don’t even care, but to get out the pit the first thing you must do is to stop digging, or as Einstein said “doing always the same pretending to a chieve a diferent result is insane”.

  • Blimey this is interesting Ivor. Could the glycocalyx be damaged by an angiogram or cardiac catheterisation? An angiogram to see what is wrong may start the process of damage? Hard to see that pushing a plastic tube down your arteries wouldn’t damage it…

  • I came here after watching ‘Low Carb Explained’ by eenfeldt. Quite good. Dr Vernon is wonderfully articulate throughout the explanation. The good Dr uses a great analogy (sun exposure) to describe how everybody has a varying tolerance to carbs and that you have to determine how efficient YOUR body utilizes carbohydrates.

  • Ivor. This is a classic.
    Touched on emotions with your father and relateablity with our own familiar connections. Background of technical researcher “non-insider” that engineered a root cause understanding of the problem. Finally provided logic and methodology for correction via self empowerment. A veritable “voice crying in the wilderness” for heart disease.

  • Yeah just laughingly overlook the brain radiation from these scans DESPITE the already sick state they are in.. And who cares what the scan says when the PROBLEM is nobody knows HOW TO LIVE!!! Great these scans will fear people into more diabolical drugs.

  • To see my granddaughters grow up. They are twins 10 years old and I am 70, obese, high blood pressure but I’m not a diabetic YET I guess it’s KETO for me.

  • Thomas, Please stop saying Weight loss, instead say Weight Optimization or Fat loss. I don’t think anyone watching this wants to lose muscle or bone. The term Weight Loss needs to die.

  • I appreciate the intention behind this video, and it’s certainly important to make sure that people don’t have to suffer while they’re obese (Because that makes everything worse and doesn’t lead to more desire or more motivation to lose weight. Also there’s just nothing wrong with being kind).
    That said, trying to use phrases like “people of size” feels… really bad. Like white people looking at the phrase “people of colour” and saying “Oh, we want that too!”.
    I feel like overweight is a very neutral term, and especially since doctors use that language to describe issues their patients have to deal with, it doesn’t strike me as a good idea to treat those words as “bad”. Doesn’t that just increase tension between patients and doctors, and make people potentially less likely to seek treatments?

  • Wow!!! Ivor has given one of the clearest and most comprehensive explanations of cardio vascular risk factors I have ever seen. This is a must see for any patient or physician concerned about preventive medicine.

  • Hi, how could you have diabetes, assuming here type 2, and not have it detected by doctors by labs? What tests should we have to verify if we do, or do not, have type 2 diabetes? Thank you

  • Ivor, Thomas Levy, MD. gives lectures about Vitamin C and suggests that focal scurvy from a C deficiency is a potential heart attack maker. Your thoughts?

  • Excellent summary Ivor. The assumption is that aging is malleable, and diet has a large influence on this process. Today, the average person will live 30,000 days, and for many the last 5,000 days will be in poor health. The goal is to explore plausible plans to improve this longevity outlook. (1)

  • I have never heard of the UK NHS doing this procedure. I will always be grateful for good people like Ivor that do not accept what the standard is today. So many stick with what they learned from decades ago and do not choose to be mavericks. We need ones that think out of the box. I detest Pharma and manufacturing etc that think of profit over peoples health. To care more for shareholders and fat CEO cats over a slowly dying population. To be able to try and educate those that are overwhelmed or don’t know where to look. We trust GPs but when they fail us, we have to seek information elsewhere. I am from a generation that will never trust GPs, only for acute care, not for long term health. You can’t really, if all they do is give you a pill… that then creates a new problem… and then another pill to heal the mess from another pill. My parents generation over trusted GPs and all medics thinking they are smarter than me. We all have to educate ourselves and look at many avenues. Sadly, I see many confusing things and that messes me up a bit with regards to diets. One says eat this, another says avoid if you have CKD. We do need more folk like Ivor to inspire more to learn. Learning a new thing will help your brain thrive anyway. Thanks Ivor

  • My LDL is a little above normal but low triglycerides and high HDL, doc wanted me on statin I said no thanks. I’m on low carb keto. Where/how do I get CAC scan in, North Wales, UK

  • You don’t exercise to lose weight…you exercise to develop great health. Raising your heart rate for a period of time is what you need to do, and swinging an axe in a coal mine won’t acheive that. Don’t listen to this guy, aerobic exercise is exactly what you need, and there are no products or drugs needed. This thing that losing weight is the doorway to health is based on making a buck only. I’ve know several people who were thin and dropped dead early from heart attacks. Working out works.

  • The comments here are disgusting. Your weight shouldn’t be a barrier to the quality of life that you want. Your size shouldn’t prohibit you from a job, equitable pay, and definitely the ability to feel included in the workplace. No one should have to deal with harassment and it’s not OK to discriminate on anyone based on size. If you can’t understand that concept then I don’t know what to tell you.

  • Most american aren’t running marathons and I don’t see any obese people competing in marathons. If carbs make you fat, why aren’t bodybuilders fat? why aren’t the okinawns, who eat 80%+ carb diets fat, why aren’t the many cultures across earth who eat high carb diets? Taubes’s theory is not taken seriously in the the scientific community because there’s no scientific evidence to back it up, and plenty of evidence to the contrary.

  • I could see the concerns from both sides but there is also a limit to this. You cant just let obese people go do jobs such as Military, Police, Fire Fighter, or other such professions that being in shape is part of the job. Those types of jobs are have required physical standards that you must meet because you being in good health matters. Also in other forms of employment it should be more performance based. If your hiring for a job were there really isnt alot of hard manual labor then yes obese people can be compete more in that term. But if your a contractor looking for a new hire doing something such as framing homes are you gonna think the guy that is 200 pounds or the guy who is 350 pounds is gonna be able to perform better and make you the most money. If your interviewing for a position in your company are you gonna hire the person who looks like they take better care of themselves or the person who may look sluggish (and yes I know not all obese people are sluggish). Who are you gonna take a chance on? Ive met obese people that work hard and give it their all but Ive been obese before and I moved alot slower and struggled to perform certian task than I do now. So I can see where a employer could see the possible issue. The work force is a competitive market and you have to be able to compete with other people. People forget businesses are there to make money not support every person that comes along. Now im not saying they can abuse or mistreat obese people or that they shouldn’t hire them at all because that is not the case at all their are many great people that are obese that work hard. I was obese (430 pounds) and struggled in certain jobs, I couldn’t work as fast or efficient as other employees. I’m now 250 pounds and put more focus on taking care of myself. Part of America’s problem is trying to normalize something that shouldn’t be the norm. We as a country should be leaning more towards helping these people achieve a healthy weight and learn proper eating habits. Focus more on the real problem.

  • Big fan of Ivor, plan to ask for a CAC scan because of Ivor. Been on LCHF/KETO for about a year now and also doing intermittent fasting during the work week. All that being said I notice Ivor has a fair amount of visceral fat. Now he knows about LCHF/KETO and presumably he’s doing it. Why isn’t he lean yet? Would he be much worse off if he wasn’t doing KETO? Is it less effective for some people?

  • hi Ivor, I do follow a few Docs, like Dr Peter Attia MD and thank you for your info. My question is about the CAC. CAC relies on a computed tomography (CT) scan. My concern is with the high radian levels emitted by the CT scans, which increase the odds of a cancer according to Any alternative tests, but using an MRI technology?

  • Okinawans don’t eat big mac and gulp a huge glass of HFCS spiked coke. That’s the fact. And they don’t know HFCS spiked chocolate bars and HFCS spiked chocolate cake either. That’s the difference.

  • Personally I think weight discrimination is a good thing, you’re only providing them with resources to keep feeding their addiction to enhancing their body acreage. Employment rejection is like their local counsel saying they need more than just a permit to continue eating to enhance their real estate territory.

  • Out of breath, out of time, very fitting. My dad also died at the age of 72 but not only because of bad food choices, he didn’t ever exercise and also drank too much(alcohol is as bad as fructose from sugar)

  • I do have a question regarding Oxidized LDL. From what I have heard earlier Statins ONLY allow for the removal/recycling of Non oxidized LDL throught he liver, the oxidized LDL not ‘fitting’ the liver LDL receptors. THUS if you take statins you would be actually increasing the percentage of Oxidized LDL to normal LDL in the blood. THUS if you are say a diabetic and so more likely to have blood sugar spikestherefore more glycated LDL (oxidized LDL), then Statins are an even greater risk for you. Diabetics blood sugars high spikes prior to the effect of an insulin shot, or metformin. Even though Diabetic insulin shots reduces blood glucose to normal levels, you still get the spikes each time, as the shots/efffect come after the spike. I would be researching this, as Statins may Increase risk for Diabetics.

  • Unfortunately, Ivor is unfamiliar with all the literature that contradicts his conclusions, particularly the dose response correlation between saturated fat intake and flow mediated dilation measurement of arterial compliance.
    And Ivor still likes moderate consumption of alcohol….which is hard to reconcile with his desire to control insulin.
    Ivor also overlooks that coronary heart disease is better identified by CTCA, over CACS. Not every diseased coronary artery has calcium accumulation.

  • Eenfeldt please STOP INTERRUPTING your interviewee. It is excruciating and rude. If you want to say something, then interview yourself or have someone interview you, then put the video on Youtube. If you are interviewing someone else, then let them finish a thought.

  • Boy do I wish I knew all of this BEFORE I had a heart attack last March. I am hoping that I can turn things around and avoid another one.

  • You have got to hand it to engineers. They are generally some of the smartest people in the room, and Ivor Cummins certainly exemplifies this. Cummins, much like his fellow engineers, Dave Feldman and Marty Kendall, has done more than many physicians, within the low carb world, to debunk dietary myths and illuminate possible life saving truths. What holds true here, holds true in other areas of life. Don’t just rely on the expert wisdom of the insiders within a particular discipline. Sometimes an outsider’s perspective can be more enlightening.

  • This argument is the same as saying, “Bill Gates is enormously wealthy because he has saved more money than he has spent.” This is statement is true, but it says NOTHING about *why* Bill Gates is wealthy. Why do we overeat calories? We overeat calories because carbohydrates raise blood sugar which raises insulin which causes us to store fat instead of burning it. Carbs also turn off our satiety sensor so we don’t think we are full so we keep eating. Man oh man.

  • Why people cannot accept the fact that they are fat. They can lie to themselves when it comes to weight but scale doesn’t lie. Some job demand some physically fit and strong to function at the job effectively.

  • Why Weight Discrimination Persists In The U.S. Workplace? I’m 90% of the way through and this video hasn’t even attempted to answer this. This video should be called “social stigma of fat”. Thumbs down

  • Yeah? Well about 7 months ago the company I work for hired some gigantic fat guy. It is an almost constant issue every day with this guy saying he can’t do this or do that because his fat ass can not fit into small attic spaces to do the work he was hired to do.
    So a lot of time it is not discrimination. It’s because your obesity produces poorly on the job.

  • Hi does the milk thistle oil helps to get rid of FATTY LIVER. I have a fatty LIVER due to much medication recently had surgery shoulder and my body’s healing process is very slow

  • I grew up skinny. Still remain the same. I’ve be called “bean-pole”, “toothpick”, “red-hair step-child”, etc. And during none of them times did a person of the rotund variety step up and defend me.

  • Welcome to life..If you over 6foot3,you can’t be a Flight Steward,..Over 6foot5 you, can’t be a Fighter Pilot..Over 5foot11, you can’t be an Astronaut…END TALLaPHOPIA..

  • None of these so called experts are doctors, yes obesity is a real thing and is a health hazard, one ���� army general has stated that obesity is a national threat. People with lower are living longer than obese people and fat shaming should come back.

  • I can well relate to this. A retired [electronics] engineer, my wife had a chronic pain issues, sciatica etc, which 3 Doctors couldn’t resolve, aside from more pain killers. In desperation, I obtained her (dozens) of blood tests and did some research on PubMed. Problem was fixed in 3 weeks, primarily a vitamin/mineral deficiency which prevented her body from repairing itself. Her blood pressure has also improved following some modest diet changes and is now off most of these meds after 20 years. It just proves that many of us old engineers are far superior at problem-solving and repairs than most Doctors.

  • Overweight and obese are words that make a favour to people in that condition.

    They become a burden to the health system and to the rest of the people.

  • Keep in mind people like Lustig and Taubes are saying fructose ALONE is bad, and refined fructose is worse.

    None of them say don’t eat fruit. Nor do paleo people say don’t eat fruit. Low-carb advocates even eat fruit (though in much moderation.)

    Fruit, with it’s associated fiber, is pretty healthy. It’s just not nutritionally complete so it’s very easy to get deficient if that’s your only source of macronutrients. They MUST supplement or get quite ill.

  • I will never forget when a man told me he would support a second Holocaust if it eradicated fat people from this world. For all of the fatphobes, that man is who you support. You disgust me.

  • You know what, I am fat and I can tell you from my own observation that I don’t have any decipline. The reason for such biases makes sense to me. If I can’t change my eating habits, I am also very likely to not change other habits. If I can’t work harder on loose my weight even when I know I it’s bad for my health, you could also assume I wouldn’t want to study harder for the exams upon me even though I know the consequences of bad grades. And you know what, you wouldn’t be far from truth either. The only reason I was getting reasonably good grades before was simply because of my gift for the quest for knowledge. But I know that I can’t keep on relying on it alone in university. But guess what, I am still watching videos after videos on YouTube for the past 2 hours now��

  • As a Asian the level of padding Americans need is hilarious to me, i hope they never even think of moving to this part of the world, they wouldn’t survive a week here let alone rest of their lives.

  • MOST AMERICANS ARE OVERWEIGHT! Who are these skinny people with all the power? Where I live, seeing thin people over 25 years old is rare.

  • What about eating milk thistle raw from my garden? I always harvest it and strip the prickers and put it raw into my salad or just munch on it like celery. Why didnt you talk about that?

  • Saying people of size is moronic. It is not descriptive in anyway. It makes one sound like an idiot saying it. Someone weighing 100 lb is also a person of size because they have a size.����‍♂️

  • Ivor, you listed AUTOIMMUNE as a driving force. Can you please get someone on your programme again who is knowledgable about lectins and their deleterious effect with regards to autoimmune diseases? Dr Gundry? Dr Mason? Dr Someone Else?

  • I’m a former fat person. FAT. I was FAT. No excuses. It runs in the family but that just means I had to deal with the hand I was dealt and work harder to get to a healthy weight. I think part of the issue is increases in mental health problems and that with have more and more empty carbs available to us.

  • Well, when you are at the level of fat where your flabs show under your clothes, your face is losing its look and morphing into obese general face, Basically if you sicken others the second they see you, in a place they don’t necessarily get to know you in, like a workplace, their sympathy for you distances from itself and you can’t change first impressions, our brain auto does it. So yeah, you might get rejected, left out, people wanting to keep you at distance. If you don’t help yourself and your health, why expect everyone else to respect you or treat you like you aren’t a sick person who loves themselves and their life? Get over it.

  • Bill Maher got slammed by many viewers including James Corden for saying maybe fat shaming isn’t so bad because shaming helps us drop bad habits as we did with cigarette smokers shaming.

  • I’m fat, you can say I’m fat, but please don’t ever call me “high weight” or “people of size”. I’m FAT. And it’s NOT good that I am, I’m trying to change that. Difficulties in finding shirts reminds me that I should not be fat, I’m thankful for that.

  • My sister used to work as an assistant for a CEO of a law firm and they were conducting interviews for a position where an over weight man walked in and the CEO told my sister to send him directly to his office because “he was gonna make this one quick.” Obviously he didn’t get the job due to his appearance.

  • The past 30 years in obesity rates show you can’t change the past millions of years of our diet blue print. Your body will initially live off and burn fat instead if you eat very little carbs.

  • Instead of these people complaining about language and wages they should just take those as reasons to get on the goddamn treadmill

  • This is such a red herring. Why don’t people consider this a health issue and not an employment issue and do something about losing weight?

  • How is weight discrimination a thing when most Americans are fat? As a lean person, I get flack from my coworkers for not eating the donuts in the breakroom.

  • It is much easier to loose the weight instead of advocating for larger chairs. It is ridiculous, as I dont see any special chairs for shorter or taller people that might not fit in standard chairs. In addition, brands support good health for their staff and employees and much rather hire employees that have a balanced lifestyle and regular exercise, especially if they are the so called face of the company.

  • This is ridiculous!!! �� one day we won’t be able to even say ‘Hi’ because someone might get offended. I don’t really understand this, so people is suffering discrimination because of their weight but how come the percentage of obese population keeps increasing every year? I’d think that people would be scared to be discriminated and they would try to stay lean ��‍♀️ also, it’s kind of funny how most of the ‘experts’ talking in this video are fat �� I don’t even want to finish watching this video, it’s frustrating!! Hey everybody, let’s ignore that there’s a BIG FAT obesity issue in the U.S.!

  • Very informative Ivor, but you mention that evolution is responsible for certain systems in the body. Could I respectfully ask, what evidence do you base your statements on regarding evolution, a process of blind undirected chance.

  • When a group of weak willed people get together and decide that its not their fault but that the society is at fault for them being weak willed.

  • Is there a reason why overweight and obese people can’t diet and exercise like everyone else? As an African-American I find it extremely insulting that they are trying to frame this as if fat people (yes fat people, I’m not going to do this “people of size nonsense”) are the same as being black or disabled when fat people choose to be fat. I don’t like counting calories either, but it’s the only thing that helps me loose weight besides cutting out cookies, cakes, and candy. I don’t know why fat people can’t bother to do the same.

  • It would be a shame for you not to get ripped when other normal people are able to burn calories so easily using Atomic Fat Loss (Look it up on google).

  • I can see it now subconsciously, General Manager (inner thoughts ): who authorize this fatty to work the front. Fatty turns around oooh hey cuz didnt know u started today.

  • A CAC is not cheap here. Anyway, if you have followed the standard food pyramid diet and middle aged, I guess you can assume you are at higher risk. So even without a CAC, act as if you are at higher risk. Moderate exercise and a Keto diet. supplement with things like VC, MSM, K2mk7 all the things an aging body needs. If you are outside Australia, add Melatonin.

  • There’s no metabolic advantage to eating low carb, people. If you’re exceeding your total daily energy expediture (TDEE) regardless of macro nutrients, you will get fatter. You can’t outsmart your body.

    I’m going to go eat some potatoes.

  • Unless you have Prader-Will syndrome (the genetic disease where you literally eat yourself to death as you can’t feel satisfied after eating), then yes, being obese does come down to healthy life choices and self control. Oh I’m sorry, you have a hormone disease like Cushings? Guess what, there is a treatment for that. Also for diabetes. What we don’t have treatment for is Prader-Will. And laziness. And nope, health at every size doesn’t exist, body fat has been directly linked with inflammatory diseases, heart problems, high blood pressure and infertility.

  • “Overweight” and “obese” are medical terms. People who are seriously obese need help, not placation and justification. So now nobody can have chairs with arm rests because it might embarrass the one obese person in the office? At times likes this CNBC shows how liberal American has parted ways with reality and entered the land of complete psychosis. Hey, IT’S NOT OK to be obese. It’s unhealthy, preventable and is a growing problem in the United States and needs to be tackled, not masked with idiotic euphemisms.

  • Honestly, I don’t see why this is regarded as discrimination like race. People don’t choose to be a certain skin colour and they can’t change their colour. However, being fat is largely a lifestyle choice and it can be changed. I’d also make the argument that fat people usually are less productive employees; fatness is a sign of poor organisation (e.g. fast foods not home cooking), lack of effort (not exercising) and stubbornness (“I don’t need to change even if it makes me unhealthy”). There’s also the scientific fact that fat people are more likely to be sick and have a higher risk of medical complications (e.g. diabetes, cancer and heart disease) which can mean they will have to give up work or take sick days. This will cost the company money. If I had the choice of hiring a fit and healthy employee over an obese one of course I’m going to choose the one with the lowest risk to the profitability of my business.

  • While I agree that exercise is healthy, especially for the cardiovascular system, it’s been proven in RCT’s (randomized, controlled trials) that exercise, especially HIIT (High-Intensity Interval Training) DOES help people lose weight.

    Any exercise that boosts metabolic rate helps you lose weight. And weight-training or any muscle-building exercise boosts your overall metabolic rate. My weight loss accelerated greatly (the rate of fat-loss more than doubled) once I was able to add exercise…

  • This video is epic. Thanks Ivor! Your sound logic is enough by it self, no drama or theatrics needed. Deeply appreciate your sharing of this good stuff. And you are a brilliant presenter. Keep it up and dont be shy to put up a link for donations to keep you rolling.

  • yes but skinny people still get diabetes just because you burn off carbohydrates and dont gain weight does not prevent the insulin spikes sugar has on your body. your body might not store it as fat but it still spikes ur insulin causing ur hormones to be unbalanced still causes inflammtion in the body. lets face it people sugar is toxic from carbohydrate fermentation on our teeth (cavities) to diabetes……

  • I bet these research are all funded by McDonald’s, nestle etc. They are trying to change the society so nobody will blame them. If everyone is fat, their roles in increasing obesity in the population will be forgiven amd forgotten.

  • lol damn, it seems like biases even things that were thought to be hard to get rid of like racism get better because every time you meet a person of that race it is extremely likely to disprove your bias… I can’t imagine why that wouldn’t be true of fat people, could it really be that choosing to be fat also means you share other choices and attitudes as people who make the same choice, similar to how people who decide to travel might also be more adventurous in general…i mean you are born as all 5 of the other things, but one you do for yourself and is a learned behavior, i cant imagine why people would have a bias against that, its like having a bias against people who choose to leave the toilet seat up. totally rational.

  • I’m running Milk Thistle, Dandelion Root, Creatine Monohydrate, Yellow Dock Root, Ginger Root, Beet Root, and Cranberry Extract. Been using this stack and totally feel better.

  • Certainly explains my experience with canned fish… I have advanced atherosclerosis and I noticed that eating canned tuna would make my heart throw a fit later in the day. Turns out there’s a non-trivial amount of oxidized cholesterol in canned fish (I think they heat it to a high temp before canning to prevent botulism)and it was enough to cause immediate problems for my situation. I can eat salmon fried with butter (low temp) with no issues so I’m eating fish that way now instead, but I do miss the cheapness and convenience of canned fish.

  • Omg what’s with all the vitriol in the comments here? Relax, people! Eat what makes you happy, small portions, sleep a lot and drink fresh water. You’re welcome!

  • I am only 15. You remind me of when i was in 2nd Grade because whenenver i would curse all the other kids would be like OOOOOOOHHHHHH TEACHER HE CURSED. You should be embarrassed not me, people curse all the time in real life, on the internet and yet you act like its a big deal. The only people i know that make a big deal out of cursing is little kids. Perhaps you belong in elementary school because you act too childish and make big deals out of everyday things such as cursing.

  • Every time I eat carbs I can feel my insulin spike which makes me sleepy. This effect causes me to store fat and inhibits me from fat loss, no matter how hard I exercise. 

  • How did we get here? As a society, how in the f #ck did we get to this point. This has to be the most ridiculous video on the internet at the moment �� People of size hahaha. How about this, if you have to sew together two shirts for work, you may want to see that as a wake up call and hit the gym.

  • side note-i’ve been hiking since the beginning of the year, and lost about 3 lbs during that time-the weight loss really didn’t start ’til i cut out my carbs.

  • currently i’m losing weight (20 so far in a month & a half) by low carb on weekdays, carb permissive on the weekend. i don’t find myself craving sugar during the week, and the sugar i’ve added is a < 1in' square of dark chocolate a few times a week, and some raspberries & cottage cheese for breakfast. i hike on saturdays so i eat pretty much whatever. i give myself sundays as well, but i'm looking at adjusting because i'm not doing the activity to justify it.

  • The key is detox, here are my ingredients:

    Lemon, black pepper, turmeric and honey. Boiled it and drink it first thing in the morning every day on an empty stomach.

  • He just contradicts himself about his stance on hormones. He first says insulin effects fat storage ect.. then not even a minute later states that exercise has nothing to do with weight loss? Is he not aware of all the hormonal effects that are stimulated by just 20 minutes of exercise?.

  • Not losing weight when undereating 5 days a week or being hyperthyroid for a year or exercising for many hours a week. Same old severe insulin resistance.:)

  • @xdnbhxr
    I managed to loose 23 pounds:) Loosing weight is all about learning the correct way to eat, and living by it. The Weight Loss Road Map is one and only book I 100% endorse, changed my life. Get it here before she starts charging >>

  • No sure where you live? The majority of American’s are anything but workout nazis! The majority don’t workout al all! It’s okay if you don’t know.

  • That sucks. Obese people who would need a special chair are most likely too big. Sorry, if I own a company I’m not taking on the liability because of your poor life choices. It is unattractive, Unappealing, and a very real life-threatening issue. And I would not actively join in on pandering to this special flower so they do not go home and binge eat. No thank you, you are not what we are looking for. Have a good day.

  • This is sarcasm right? Most Americans are sit on their asses all day long,drinking way too much liquid sugar and eating calorie rich, low satiety, junk food.

    You’re clearly a member of the cult of low carb. If you’d actually read different sources instead of treating the wild inaccuracies Taube$ spews as gospel you’d know that 80% of Americans don’t meet recommended physical activity guidelines.

  • It seems that the medical world divided into two parts 1Vegan diet 2Low carb(keto) diet, and it is very confusing now which one to follow

  • Get the fuck out dude there are other vegans that are strong that aren’t elite athletes you just have to find them. And fuck your stupid ass study. Just because you have seen some study where the people who were vegan probably were eating only 1000-1500 calories and starving themselves does not make it a credible study so take 2 steps back and shut the fuck up idiot.

  • See these 3 peer reviewed articles:

    1. Fat and carbohydrate overfeeding in humans: different effects on energy storage.

    2. Macronutrient disposal during controlled overfeeding with glucose, fructose, sucrose, or fat in lean and obese women.

    3. Effects of isoenergetic overfeeding of either carbohydrate or fat in young men.

  • No, it doesn’t. Metabolic ward studies have consistently shown that macronutrient ratios don’t matter. You can eat a diet of 90% carbs and sugar and still loose weight provided your in a caloric deficit.

    The vast majority of evidence suggests Americans’ eat too many calories and remain sedentary. The color of the carbs you eat has nothing to do with it.

  • FWIW I think Gary’s research and ideas are that “walking” or other low-impact exercise for 20-30 minutes a day is a waste of time… and he’s right.

    First of all, we find walking easy. It burns almost NOTHING above/beyond our normal metabolic rate. High-Intensity exercise, however, WORKS. Especially for the obese… The larger you are the more you burn at high-intensity.

    But yes, the BEST effect is the overall health improvement, part of which is weight-loss.

  • The problem with Taube’s supporters is that they only read Taubes. He cherry picks studies to support his case while leaving out the vast majority of science that contradicts his alternate hypothesis.

  • Fat gain is solely a matter of caloric surplus or deficit. Taube$ rehashed the Atkin’s diet using cherry picked science to sell books and give talks.

  • To Taubsey doubters: How is it working for you? If you eat mostly carbs and are lean, you may be genetically favored with oh, forget it. More amylase in your saliva that predigests starch some so any given sugar load triggers a smaller sugar spike and resulting insulin load. You create and store less fat. Argghhhhh…I’m one of the “commenters.” See ya!

  • Why do we get fat? because people are to fucking lazy to get off their asses and do some exercise! but instead the blame it on everything/everyone else and hate there life. the end.

  • There are three basic metabolism types: ectomorph, mesomorph, and endomorph – definitely words you probably don’t use in your normal, day-to-day conversations. But learning the types of body you were born with will help your fitness plan in the long run.��

  • Exercise makes you hungry. It makes you want to eat. So initially if someone doesn’t have control of their appetite, it can help in them gaining weight.

  • Thank you so much Ivor. I am also a Chemical Engineer but 74 years old. I have been two years Keto( health pretty good no heart attacks good HD,/TG). You have a combination of caring, crystal intelligence and world class communication skills. I wish you all the success in the world. You have certainly had a huge impact on my life and that of my family.

  • I told Taubes
    several times
    that red meat
    is associated
    with a higher
    risk of colon and
    possibly prostate
    cancer, but he
    left that out.
    —Walter Willett
    Harvard University

  • The only reason why vegans are perceived as unhealthtier than people who eat meat is because they don’t eat enough as simple as that. Its a fucking fact and you know it. If i only ate 1000 calories worth of fruit than i would be unhealthy and deficient just like all the people you mention in all those studies.Please tell me why do the paleo guru’s like Mark Sisson sell a whole shitload of fucking supplements if this diet is so sufficient?

  • It’s preposterous.
    There’s no real
    evidence that
    low-fat diets
    have caused
    the obesity
    —Samuel Klein
    Washington University
    School of Medicine

  • interesting comment since EVERY vegan doctor that recommends (and sells) vegan diet plans/books states you MUST take supplements. EVERY ONE. McDougall, Esselstyn, Barnard, etc., all of them state you MUST at least supplement B12, and most recommend a full multivitamin as well as regular testing and supplementation of anything found lacking.

    Vegans MUST supplement it’s a medical fact.

  • 9:32 people who are fat are less likely to exercise and more likely to overeat and binge eat…jeez its our fault they’re fat guys, it could never be their fault. classic external locus of control

  • lol you guys are complete idiots I personally went on a low fat diet and very low fat diet and it took my gallbladder out! I personally knew 4 other people that went on a NO fat diet and they all lost there gallbladder! GOOD fat is very important!

  • 7:53
    i’m sorry, but shouldn’t this be a sign that weight loss is necessary? A professional-looking plus-size outfit will not do someone much good if they don’t live very long. I have a lot more respect for overweight and obese people who are doing something about it instead of complaining that things are not offered in their size. If you owned a clothing brand, would you want to be forced to offer sizes which are not as common? I hate when the term “access” is used because it sounds very passive and it suggests the people affected by a lack of plus-size professional clothing are victims of their circumstance when they could easily be doing something about it.

  • Question about your “Soft Plaque” comment. In discussing this with a Heart Researcher, they, too, commented that the CAC Test ONLY reports Calcified Plaque and not Soft Plaque. Your remarks were not clear on this concern. The Heart Researcher confirmed that many heart attacks do occur from just “Soft Plaque” that has not calcified. I agree, this test is still valuable but shouldn’t further research be done on identifying “Soft Plaque”?

  • Atherosclerosis is not a focal process. Perhaps it is diffuse affecting whole vascular system. Ivor its a good presentation. Take care… you are not looking healthy in the midsection of your body

  • Wow, “Taube is an idiot” is so very scientific. What overwhelming evidence you present.

    The thing is, Taubes is extremely intelligent, has reviewed the science, PRESENTS the science (unlike low-fat vegan gurus who don’t acknowledge the science, because it’s AGAINST them) and lets the reader decide.

    The science backs Taubes, clearly. If you don’t believe this, please use science to disprove him…

  • People are giving way too much attention to diet which will only confer minimal extra healthspan if we want to eliminate age-related disease then we should support sens foundation and the work of Aubrey de grey if we truly want to bring aging and all of its problems under medical control

  • It’s silly to say
    that carbohydrates cause
    obesity. We’re
    because we
    overeat calories.
    —George Blackburn
    Harvard University

  • This is…absoutly shocking considering americans are mostly huge. How do you discriminate peoole for being big if the majority are big? Lol

  • i can see that being highly possible, for example those who have a sweet tooth and those who don’t… you already can see which diet would fit better for each person. Although i don’t understand why would any of the two sides take the effort to convince the other side for it’s one and only truth…

  • The Health Promotion Program at Columbia University reports that a fruitarian diet can cause deficiencies in calcium, protein, iron, zinc, vitamin D, most B vitamins (especially B12), and essential fatty acids. Additionally, the Health Promotion Program at Columbia reports that food restrictions in general may lead to hunger, cravings, food obsessions, social disruptions and social isolation.

  • most likely from the fact that they have too little protein in their diet. Humans are used to high intake of protein so the fact that we adapted to having lots of protein to some people have less than 30g a day, would be cause to think that is the reason for little muscle. however with so much fiber rarely do they over eat so they dont get fat as well.

  • how about eating more healthy foods so that your body can completely detox everyday. Rather than selling a supplement… oh I get it, this video is really about making you money.

  • Is this REALLY a fundamentalist thermal physiologic condition? Obesity is currently perceived in weight regulation in animals, and we TRY to maintain a certain fat mass. Regulated by hormones and enzymes and nervous system factors, we can insidiously remove any and all hormone regulatory chronically accumulated factors.

  • The funny part is Vegans don’t need vitamins in their diet. Like i said that is only some bullshit lie that has been perceived by most of society just because of the fact PEOPLE ARE NOT EATING ENOUGH when they deicide to go vegan. The Nomads you mentioned eat their meat raw right? im not sure. But if they do then there you go dude thats why their so fucking healthy is because they don’t eat processed, cooked meat or milk. The question is though, is do the paleo gurus support that type of diet?

  • obviously Mark Sisson sells sups to make money, Nomads in Africa that eat meat and eskimos dont have vitamin a-z deficiencies, and they are not careful to have a handful of brazil nuts bc their Selenium is low, yet they live long healthy lives. The funny part is, Vegans need vitamins in their diet, b12 is one of the many. just bc you are skinny with low LDL does not mean it is healthy, your VLDL increases with lowering LDL. and VLDL is shown to be a better test to determine heart disease

  • That’s totally BS! Look man, I eat 90% carbohydrates (mostly fruits and veggies) and I have lost weight (some fat excess) and now I am feel great. Saying that carbohydrate makes you fat, that’s utterly rediculous and mislead people. Look at durian rider (Harley Johnson) (, banana girl (Freelea), Dr Douglas Graham…. they are all super-fit on a high car diet!

  • I don’t give a fuck what you think. Trying to judge someone over Youtube is beyond idiotic in my opinion. Now go troll someone else you annoying little fly because this is Youtube and i could give a fuck what you got to say but if you want to sit here and keep talking then go ahead i will just sit here and laugh at your pathetic attempts to move me or change the way i think.

  • I didn’t say fat gain wasn’t driven by hormones, I said it’s a matter of energy balance.
    It’s entirely possible to gain fat in the absence of insulin through acylation stimulating protein, a fact Taubes conveniently ignores.

  • lol @ backing up your claim, you are probably going to use the example of the guy that eats 40 bananas a day as your “evidence”, that guy is thinner then my pinky, please show me one fruityman that is jacked up, ill be waiting.

  • Get the fuck out dude and go look at Durianrider, Liferegenerator, Doug Graham, Richard Gambino and many other people who have been vegans for years. So why are they so healthy and have no diabetes or any other disease or deficiency like all you stupid fucks are saying. I also like how this stupid ass Gary Taubes claims that excercise makes you fat lol what a bunch of bullshit and yet you people are gullible enough to believe it.

  • Hint to interviewer when interviewing someone, stop interrupting them!
    The purpose is to let the person SPEAK, not to show us all what YOU, the interviewer thinks!

  • I find it extremely alarming that they are categorizing obesity data with racism and homophobia… If you are unhappy with being overweight, although not ideal depending on the circumstance, you always have the option to modify your diet or gradually introduce more daily activity. This cannot be said for the latter.

  • What is the best product or brand to lost crazy amounts of weight? I read lots of great opinions on the internet about how Custokebon Secrets can assist you lost crazy amounts of weight. Has anyone tried using this popular lose weight diet plan?

  • Excellent talk, Ivor. It is sad to hear of your father. You have dedicated yourself to helping others(fathers, sons, etc) to live better and more healthy lives. For this we are grateful.

  • not all of them are thin, please if your going to give an opinion don’t include the words all and always, because I doubt you ko every single one of them. Moderation is “usually” the key to a healthy balance.

  • There’s an evil thought… what if the bad diet advice was intentional? Get all the rubes to eat this profitable way, and around 60 most of them die before they dip into social security and pensions. Nice, quick deaths if possible, profitable business treating them if caught half dead.

  • So why are frutiarians thin? These people only consume fructose all day long for years. I really want an answer for this question.