4 Important Nourishment You re Most likely Missing


Parkinson’s Nutrition for Living Well Today with John Duda

Video taken from the channel: Davis Phinney Foundation for Parkinson’s


Healthy Eating: The Essential Nutrients for Your Mental Health

Video taken from the channel: International Bipolar Foundation


Impact of Poor Nutrition on Depression, Anxiety & Addiction Recovery with Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes

Video taken from the channel: AllCEUs Counseling Education


Nutrients Only Found in MEAT! | 5 Essential Nutrients You CANNOT GET on a Vegan Diet

Video taken from the channel: Health Coach Kait


Lily Nichols ‘Is Low Carb Safe During Pregnancy?’

Video taken from the channel: Low Carb Down Under


The 4 Nutrients You Must Have To Heal

Video taken from the channel: Dr. Osborne


Dr. Shawn Baker ‘Evidence Based Nutrition?’

Video taken from the channel: Low Carb Down Under

The Department of Health and Human Services, along with the USDA, identify potassium, dietary fiber, choline, magnesium, calcium and vitamins A, D, E and C as “underconsumed nutrients.” They note that iron is another one to consider for adolescent girls and women ages 19–50. 4 Nutrients Your Diet Could Be Missing MAGNESIUM. How it helps:Consider magnesium the renaissance man of minerals — it’s a vital part of hundreds of incredibly Choline.

How it helps: Think of choline as the bassist of the nutrient world — though generally flying under the radar Potassium. The vitamins and minerals that some people are probably missing are Vitamin A, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Calcium, Fiber, Iron, Magnesium, and Potassium. The body can stay healthy and function well if an individual has enough nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. 4 Nutrients You May Be Missing June 27, 2014 / 0 Comments / in Cherry Creek Nutrition Blog / by JuiceCreate According to the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee’s last report, Americans over consume energy, solid fats, added sugars and sodium.

That is why many people are lacking nutrients in their diet. However, if you make a few dietary adjustments, then you can ensure that you get enough vitamin B12, vitamin D, iron, fiber, calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Want to learn more about nutrition?

Need a meal plan that works?4 Important Nutrients You May be Missing It is known however that vitamin D is an essential vitamin for adequate wound healing, immunity and maintaining blood pressure. like eating almonds will hit 3 of the 4! Good to know. didn’t know almonds had calcium. I’m sure I’m low in all 4, so probably need to supplement! Report. 4. Potassium: Essential Nutrient for Nerves and Muscles.

Why It’s Good for You: Potassium is present in every cell of your body. It plays a key role in maintaining muscles, nerves, and fluid. 4 Nutrients You Might Not Be Getting Enough Of. Why You Need It: Fiber can help prevent type 2 diabetes, certain types of cancer and heart disease.

Research also suggests that consuming fiber-rich foods might boost weight loss by helping you to feel fuller after you eat. Essential nutrients are compounds the body can’t make on its own, or in enough quantity. These nutrients must come from food, and they’re vital for disease prevention, growth, and good health.

7 Essential Nutrients You’re Missing. By Denise Foley. Nov 3, 2011 John and Linda Heagney went on the South Beach Diet after an alarming epiphany: Their middle-age spread appeared to.

List of related literature:

Twenty-two nutrients are more or less removed or destroyed at most of these preparation steps: trace minerals (ZINC, MANGANESE, MAGNESIUM); vitamins (VITAMIN B6, folic acid, riboflavin, thiamin, niacin); ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS; VITAMIN E; both soluble and insoluble FIBER, and even proteins to an extent.

“The Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Good Health” by Robert A. Ronzio
from The Encyclopedia of Nutrition and Good Health
by Robert A. Ronzio
Facts On File, 2003

Raw vegetables or sprouted grams of fruits are essential to supply vitamin C. Minerals like calcium, phosphorus, iron and trace elements and salts are essential to maintain good health.

“A Textbook of Foods, Nutrition & Dietetics” by Begum R M
from A Textbook of Foods, Nutrition & Dietetics
by Begum R M
Sterling Publishers Pvt Limited, 2008

Examples of some critical nutrient-partner balances are omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D and vitamin A, magnesium and calcium, and folate, B6 unprocessed foods, these nutrients naturally, B2, and exist B12.

“Krause's Food & the Nutrition Care Process, Iranian Edition E-Book” by L. Kathleen Mahan, Janice L. Raymond
from Krause’s Food & the Nutrition Care Process, Iranian Edition E-Book
by L. Kathleen Mahan, Janice L. Raymond
Elsevier Health Sciences UK, 2016

Essential minerals include macrominerals (calcium and phosphorus), electrolytes (sodium, potassium, magnesium, and chloride), and micro and trace minerals (iron, zinc, copper, manganese, cobalt, and selenium).

“Current Therapy in Avian Medicine and Surgery E-Book” by Brian Speer
from Current Therapy in Avian Medicine and Surgery E-Book
by Brian Speer
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2015

The major essential nutrients are: carbohydrates, fats, protein; vitamins A, B12, and folic acid; C, D, calcium, iron; copper, magnesium, and zinc.

“Iron Disorders Institute Guide to Anemia” by Cheryl Garrison
from Iron Disorders Institute Guide to Anemia
by Cheryl Garrison
Sourcebooks, Incorporated, 2009

■ Several micronutrients in human milk are influenced by parental nutritional status and intake, including riboflavin; vitamins choline; A, selenium; B6, B12, and C, D, iodine. and K; thiamine; ■ Fish is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, but it should be limited to two or three servings per week.

“Breastfeeding and Human Lactation” by Karen Wambach, Becky Spencer
from Breastfeeding and Human Lactation
by Karen Wambach, Becky Spencer
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2019

These include the vitamins folate, riboflavin and vitamin D; the minerals calcium, phosphorus, iron, iodine, selenium and zinc; the phytonutrients lutein and zeaxanthin; and choline, a vitamin-like substance.

“Culinary Nutrition: The Science and Practice of Healthy Cooking” by Jacqueline B. Marcus
from Culinary Nutrition: The Science and Practice of Healthy Cooking
by Jacqueline B. Marcus
Elsevier Science, 2013

A deficiency in fat can compromise the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins and minerals, such as carotenoids, vitamin E, zinc, and manganese as well as the anticancer phytochemicals found in vegetables.

“The End of Dieting: How to Live for Life” by Dr. Joel Fuhrman
from The End of Dieting: How to Live for Life
by Dr. Joel Fuhrman
Hay House, 2014

Green and yellow vegetables, meat, milk, eggs, beans, and whole grains are among the best sources of vitamins.

“Fitness for Life: Middle School-2nd Edition” by Corbin, Chuck B., Le Masurier, Guy, Lambdin, Dolly
from Fitness for Life: Middle School-2nd Edition
by Corbin, Chuck B., Le Masurier, Guy, Lambdin, Dolly
Human Kinetics, 2017

Broccoli: It’s most noteworthy nutrients include vitamin C, vitamin A (mostly as beta­carotene), folic acid, calcium, and fibre.

“Shut Up and Train!: A Complete Fitness Guide for Men and Women” by Deanne Panday
from Shut Up and Train!: A Complete Fitness Guide for Men and Women
by Deanne Panday
Random House Publishers India Pvt. Limited, 2013

Alexia Lewis RD

Registered Dietitian Nutritionist and Certified Heath Coach who believes life is better with science, humor, and beautiful, delicious, healthy food.

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  • Shouldn’t a1 be placed under “hard to get?” I thought a small amount of beta carotene was converted to retinol, much like ALA is converted to EPA-DHA.

  • I think there are two axiomatic truths. 1. Different people have different nutritional requirements and different sensitivities. 2) stay away from ‘processed’ foodincluding fake meat. The questions won’t yield to funded studies, since there is no money in discovering/confirming axiom 1 and 2. I appreciate this video that dares to question the other symposium presentations.

  • 0:20 – Intro

    1:59 – Slide #1 – Evidence Based Nutrition

    2:18 – Slide #2 – Epidemiology

    3:26 – Slide #3 – Cultural Evidence

    3:57 – Slide #4 – Animal Studies

    4:20 – Slide #5 – Human Trials

    6:50 – Slide #6 – Anecdotes

    7:45 – Slide #7 – Evidence for/against Meat

    10:05 – Slide #8 & #9 – Nutrition Science Airlines

    10:33 – Slide #10 Can we do better?

    11:02 – Slide #11 – Obstacles

    12:29 – Slide #12 – What do we know?

    12:40 – Slide #13 – What do I know?

    13:13 – Slide #14 & #15 – What can we not find out? & ESV

    13:44 – Slide #16 – Stuff we might find out

    14:50 – Slide #17 – “I don’t need no study”

    16:12 – Slide #18 – Traditional Research Paradigm

    17:04 – Slide #19 – Outsource Research

    18:25 – Slide #20 – N Equals Many

    19:30 – Slide #21 – Results

    20:36 – Slide #22 & #23 & #24 – POOP!

    22:12 – Slide #25 – Morning Wood

    22:50 – Slide #26 – Subjective Data

    23:36 – Slide #27 – Despite many Flaws & Closing

  • you dont read the bible it reads to have a healthy diet of vegies and fruit is better then meat, your diet is silly meat only no thanks some beef is fine but having meat only is dangerous did you know that meat sits in your stomach and ROTTS

  • As someone who did keto for a year until I got pregnant, I can now say after a very bad scare that keto is not good for pregnant mothers. I got very very sick in my third trimester and had to be monitored due to diet or lack of. Doctors told me to eat varied diet keto is not safe for pregnancy and sure enough everything worked out after I began eating normally again. Pregnancy is not a time for trial and error or new fad diets without a doctors knowledge. Now I found out that not only was my baby not getting enough nutrients from such a strict diet, the baby was taking everything from me to the point where I was malnourished.

  • Have you watched the latest video from the channel Chubbyemu?
    Please share your thoughts on it.
    If you find my two comments, then you will know my opinion on that.

  • vit d2 is enough to prevent vit d deficiency but if that’s not good enough for you.



    “Traditionally, only animal products have been considered a source of vitamin D3, but today we know that vitamin D3 and its metabolites are formed in certain plants. Accordingly, fruits and vegetables have the potential to serve as a source of vitamin D. Especially, the Solanaceae family contains high amounts of vitamin D3, which is of special interest considering the importance of this family in human nutrition. The Solanaceae family includes important vegetables such as potato, tomato and pepper all of which have been found to contain vitamin D3.”

    real science not blogs

  • COVID-19 is really insignificant compared to what may be around the corner if we don’t stop using animals as test tubes for the breeding ground for the next Pandemic.

  • Thank you for posting this! Lily Nichols is the most well-researched pregnancy nutrition expert I know. Her work is so extensive and her books are incredible!

  • This is pure rubbish. How sad that people would actually take this moron seriously. No evidence, muddying the waters, strawmanning, gaslighting, vested interests… what a conman. Blind Freddy can see through his bullshit!

  • Such a toxic message is getting a platform? Irresponsible. But then again, anybody who believes that a carnivore diet is good for them, can only blame themselves if they die earlier. Nature is cruel.

  • Isn’t N-Glycolylneuraminic acid really bad for you? Apparently all red meat contains it….or is this some ideological vegan myth?

  • The first of the following two articles advocates evidence-based biology over propogandist ideology. The second does not argue against plants in the diet as such but does stress the essentiality of animal protein (and implicating nose-to-tail, especially bones, not only striated muscle tissue) in the diet. I hope that these will prove to be of interest and use to you and other readers.

  • Conventional nutritional guideline is BS! Fetuses require only 2 macronutrients for development fats and protein. That’s exactly what breastmilk is. There is no such thing as a carbohydrate essential

  • This talk was weak. This dude is a classic meathead in every sense of the term. Where was the evidence? I thought evidence meant scientific empirical research? Lame.

  • Dr Andra Campatelli says “What we’ve found is betahydroxybutyrate or BHB can’t impact our Leptin and Ghrelin levels,so that’s why we experience greater satiety when we consume exogenous ketones or follow a cryogenic diet.
    @ediegrimstead Edith Grimstead

  • Shaw there are cohorts, randomized control, meta analysis studies regarding diet and probable causes of diseases. The only diet proven and known for decades that can prevent, and REVERSE the #1 killer of Americans and treat and prevent most of the top 15 killers in America is….a whole food plant based diet!
    Not Keto, not carnivore, not Adkins….NOT THAT!

  • what if one country start eating low carb tomorrow or in 1 year?implication will be huge. so many industries will fail, people will get healthy, live longer,longer retirements etc.

  • Gotta give it to Shawn, he has a good business strategy. Trying to raise the general carnivore hype train by raising the diet’s credibility. As he rides that wave he will as a by product get more money from people paying him monthly.

  • There is the experiment with the food pyrimid. Fifty years and the population has tried to follow it. The results have not been great. Some people seem okay on it, but most of the participants have had horrible results. Obesity, heart disease, stokes, diabetics, autoimune disease, leaky gut, cancer, depression, dementia, ADHD, PMS, autism, etc have all gone up as people have tried to follow the food pyrimid. I feel the results speak for themself.

  • Sorry excuse for human beings,keeping animals in concentration camps and feeding them unnatural food full of hormones,injected with testosterone,antibiotics,forcefully impregnated and for what?So that so called “humans”can eat their dead flesh to satisfy their taste,shame!

  • We dont study meat eaters?We have study’s Inuit culture and found mummified remains of them and found they had HIGH plaque meaning they had heart disease.

  • I don’t understand, what she says doesn’t make sense. She says nutritional Keto’s is ok but you have to eat a minimum of 90g per day. How the hell are you supposed to get into a ketogenic state at 90g carbs a day?!!!

  • Dr Shawn! I had a mental block about eating animal fat. Tried using massive amounts of olive oil to compensate for problematic skinniness. Yesterday I ate fatty hamburger and butter. Woke up with younger looking skin!! Holy cow! I’m in! Try it, ladies. All the best!

  • This has NO science… enjoy ur fantasy…I’ll stick with a diverse Keto lifestyle… I’ve truly searched for science on the Carney scene…NONE… absolutely NONE! I’m open but this is still scientific bullshit. There is real science on Keto…

  • Dr. Shawn Baker has really good points. I still think that nutritional research can teach us a lot if we just evaluate the data carefully. And nutrition is obviously always a question of compromise: “What are you willing to give up to potentially live longer and healthier?”

  • Have never met anyone more clueless about basic nutrition than Shawn Baker.

    Genuinely seems to believe that an excessive 95% red meat based diet to be healthy, inspite of all the consistent scientific evidence finding negative health consequences as a result of excessive red meat consumption.

  • He has not actually said anything of meaning. Lots of “we cant know that, no one will ever know that, but here have some anecdotes and backhand comment, they are good”

  • Feeding your tens of billions of gut bacteria only meat, is a real bad idea.
    On the other hand, it explains the stupidity of the carnivore comments

    Start @ 19:00 https://youtu.be/Aeb_HmncEis

  • The beta carotene to retinol conversion estimates also doesn’t take into account that huge upfront doses of beta carotene rarely, if ever, convert the way the math claims. The body can’t process it. Eating smaller amounts of beta carotene throughout the day would result in better conversion, but who even does that? So combine poor overall conversion rates with poor conversion rates from high-dose beta carotene sources — like eating an entire sweet potato, or even taking a supplement — and what’s left for your body to use? Who knows! It’s veeeegan!

  • Love your work. Really, It’s awesome. I heard you mention cherry angioma in another video but it was just in passing. Hoping you can talk about that and melasma at some point:) After 2 months of carnivore I JUST noticed melasma on my arms. BUT, I’m wondering if it’s coming or going. Maybe someone else has noticed something similar? Any information would be really helpful. Since there are NO STUDIES ANYWHERE that I can trust, I’m interested in your personal experience or that of others.

  • Shawn… you’re rambling,… We ALL came out of Africa 80,000 yrs ago, and we we ALL black.. we were Eater’s of Opportunity and just as lazy today as then. Nothing was “Not Eaten”, thank goodness we ended up at the Ocean.. else, the Brain would still be 800 grams.. as it still is with some.. #AreYouSmarterThanA5thGrader?…

  • No new information for me, but really great summary! This gies straight into my “watch again” Playlist, so i can share it with vegans, tge next time I’m debating obe!:D

  • Dr Baker needs to ride this train for as long as he can… Until enough “anecdotes” point the needle to the likely scenario of folks getting sick…

  • Mainstream Soyence: RCT canola oil vs soybean oil confirms lower rel risk CVD.
    Mainstream Media Headline: Science says eat moar canola it’s heart healthy!

    I would say they’ve lost all credibility but did they ever have any?

  • Low carb dietitian from Poland here �� If I said keto was good for pregnant women and spread that (good!) news among dietitians and doctors in my homeland I would not only be completely ostracised but possibly also jailed. Polish nutritionists and doctors on the sound of the word “lchf” get so mad they act as if possessed. It is extremely hard to work when you know you’re right and others only keep making more and more people (including children) hyperinsulinemic, often not knowingly. I intend to persist because I know low carb works beautifully hoping my people will eventually wake up when diabetes will be so widespread that healthcare professionals will have to deal with the conseqences of the mad high carb diets they recommend.

  • Kait you should check out Bart Kay’s new video: Carbs Promote Cancer! Cause and Effect! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C_ImE1Vn90g

  • Hello Kait I am ex-vegan (5 years), but now I eat approximately 1:1 plant animal foods. I am trying to eliminate sugar, plant oils and white flour, but sometimes I eat these food and I don’t think it is a big problem if it is low amount. But if I eat more animal foods especially meat I have constipation and I just have to eat some fiber to not to have it. As a vegan I didn’t have that typical problem of diarrhoea or going to toilet more than once a day most of the time (I had different problems). So can you recommend something how not to have constipation?

  • From a real life prospective it is very hard for people, to change a lifetime habit in eating. Harking back to an earlier comment I made on a different thread, I did have a friend come to me today to discuss the Low Carb diet, which we had done together years ago. We are both past middle age she and her husband put on weight and looking at this diet again. Knowing them well I suggested something that might work better for them. Blood Sugar control. They will do the Low Carb, but with a BS monitor follow their blood sugar on a regular basis, so they know what to eat and not eat, and when. Eating a cream bun has no immediate effect and may seem harmless, but if you do a BS test an hour later you can see what just happened….and that gives pause.

  • What a shame about the sound quality… really hard to follow. It is like an audio version of a “cloze test” for those who studied languages…
    What if you get lots of cramps (more like muscle spasms, mostly in calves and feet) but also have postural hypotension?

  • Can I just add that the dangers of a macrosomic baby can be catastrophic for the mother and infant as increases chance of a traumatic painful and often difficult labour/c section. This not only puts the baby at risk of many undesirable outcomes from hypoxia and birth damage but also for the traumatised and often physically damaged mother. Slow post partum healing, life long morbidity, postpartum depression.

  • I love all her educational videos ��
    There is not a lot of science in baby nutrition. Do babies need carbs during the first years of life (other than breast milk) and if so how much?

  • can you show a study where people took d2 and other took d3 and the d2 people had problems? no because if you did you would’ve provided that evidence.

    from conculsion
    “We conclude that: 1) the effects of D2 and D3 supplements on 25(OH)D level may be dosing-schedule, time and sex dependent. In the long term, D2 appears to be most effective when given daily and D3 appears to be most effective when given 2-weekly. Further, females appear to mount larger 25(OH)D response to D2 than males. 2) The D2-associated reduction in 25(OH)D3 level appears to be related to the increase in 25(OH)D level rather than being D2-specific, as it is related to baseline 25(OH)D level and D3 treatment may be also associated with a reduction in 25(OH)D2 level. This together with the well known association between baseline 25(OH)D level and response to D treatment suggest a regulatory mechanism that may be exploited in fine tuning determination of normal 25(OH)D level. 3) D2 appears to be 25-hydroxylated faster than D3. 4) The association between BMI and response to D supplement may be more pronounced with D2 and during the first few weeks of treatment. 5) D2 and D3 level in response to treatment are higher in females compared to males. 6) D treatment is associated with an increase in urinary creatinine level, which makes assessment of D effect using ratios that include creatinine misleading.”

    so for a woman like you d 2 is better. this took me 20 seconds to locate hopefully you start researching real studies and leave blogs alone. ps my research was from 2017 yours is from 2011.

  • Many presentations of low carb doctors and researchers reveal one very important truth. That truth is that there are so many distortions, misconceptions and disinformation campaigns that derive their “credibility” from nutritional epidemiology, that it would not be an exaggeration to say that the field of nutritional epidemiology, with rare exception, has about as much of a grasp on objective truth as ancient superstitions. It is my hope that as time passes, every successive generation will view nutritional epidemiology with the incredulity that we normally reserve for the assertions of religious zealots and astrologers. Yes, on occasion even these people randomly guess at something and get it right, but more often than not their claims are groundless. Thank you Dr. Shawn Baker for making that plainly obvious with this excellent presentation.

  • I was vegan for a year and honestly I was fine. I didn’t have any deficiencies. Maybe it’s because I was taking a multivitamin and it was only a year. I’ve found that I prefer just a balance diet without rice and refined carbs. You guys at the extreme ends are my heroes because I couldn’t just do one and not the other. I need my variety ��

  • Two questions. Is it ok to lose weight during pregnancy if I’m not about 20 lbs overweight? Also, how do you deal if your doctor doesn’t agree with Keto but wants me on insulin and metformin during pregnancy to control my blood sugars to compensate for the higher carbs?

  • Who else clicked on THIS particular Low Carb video, to see if Dr. Baker’s pecs were really as big as they looked in the thumbnail? (they are…and doubly amazing is that he actually looks good in a golf shirt. Most men look like dog turds, in golf shirts)

  • Your body makes its own cholesterol in the liver, b12 is a bacteria found in soil and most food animals are given b12 supplements since they don’t make it them selves. Somewheres around 40%of people in the US are deficient in b12, not just vegans. Come on now this is pretty basic stuff….

  • I’m pregnant and prediabetic and been on a low carb and feeling great and losing weight even if that’s not the goal. But my nutritionist told me to start eating a lot of carbs cause it’s healthy for the baby and it gives me energy…. I told her when I eat carbs I crash. I knock out. And she told me it’s okay your pregnant just don’t cut out too much carbs…. I feel great on a low carb diet no morning sickness I’m sticking to this!

  • An interesting article is “Role of Diet and Nutritional Supplements in Parkinson’s Disease Progression”

  • “Everything were going to know is going to be short term. It’s not going to predict your future. It’s just not. We can guess or assume. What I like to say the best predictor of your future health is your current health. So if you get healthy today and however we define that you’ll likely be healthy in ten years. And the converse is true.” Huh?

  • Ancient hominids might or might not have preferred meat. We can’t ask them. However, they all ate at least some plant food. Even Eskimos eat some berries & greens in the summer. It was that or starve when the hunt was unsuccessful. They had no choice.

  • So this woman’s lower carb advocacy is rooted on hunter gatherer diets.
    She’s a poorly informed dietitian in ignoring that
    there was no obesity, diabetes, and macrosomia epidemics until the 1980s. the longest lived traditional cultures have high carb diets.
    hunter gatherer communities do not have long average lifespans, due to succumbing to food insecurity, and irrational superstitious primitive beliefs.
    higher carb diets have been the norm in civilized nations for thousands of years…the reason being grains provide superior food security.
    Once again, we have an unprofessional health professional deluded by confirmation bias.

  • Another good one Kait. Why haven’t our doctors been taught this stuff?! Certainly proper nutrition is the bedrock of good health. I’m in the US and rarely, if ever, do I discuss diet with my doctor.

  • Are you kidding me? Low carb, high fat and moderate protein is IDEAL for pregnancy! Fats and proteins are critical for optimal growth and health of both the mom and her future baby. Last thing a pregnant woman needs is to stuff herself with exogenous empty carbs that are nutritionally useless.

  • The biggest gift this man gives to us, is, as soon, as he will get ill (very, very ill), all his followers will have to ask themselves, if the carnivore, high fat lifestyle is the right thing.
    In his rough voice you can hear his adrenal gland beeing so exhausted, his thin hair tells us about his undersupply of important nutrients, his deep, tired eyes make look him so obsolete and his muscles show us, that the human body can withstand so much… but not forever. You guys will hopefully wake up, when this man needs help from doctors and medication, but will not get right again. Just wait.
    Just a hint: see the Vids ig simnett nutrition. There you can see, how full of life and happiness you can be, as soon as you choose the right way to eat. Have a nice day!

  • Thank you for this interesting presentation. Many facets of low carb nutrition have been covered over the years, but the place for low carb eating within the context of pregnancy is not something that has been covered in depth. I appreciate you for covering a topic that has seldom been given exposure. As with many misgivings that the public and medical profession have with low carb, whether pregnant women should adopt this eating pattern can best be assessed in the absence of clinical data by looking at it through a historical or evolutionary lens. As Ms. Nichols points out here, if having a low carbohydrate diet were that pernicious to the development of the fetus, humanity would never have made it to this point, because, for most of human history, rich sources of carbohydrate were in scarce supply. Given the dearth of plentiful carbohydrates throughout much of human existence, we must have developed adaptations for us to run on fat/ketones for fuels. It logically follows that the fetus also has these adaptations. Otherwise, every successive generation of human beings, prior to the advent of agriculture, should have shown increasing levels of mental impairment and physical disability. Modern day hunter/gatherer population should also be experiencing a rampant spread of mental retardation and physical handicaps.

    On a side note, it is interesting that epidemiologists will jump to making causal connections between associated phenomenon when it favors the establishment narrative (i.e. high carb/low fat is good for you), but then don’t make such leaps in logic when associations work against that same narrative. After all, most studies of western dietary patterns show an increase in carbohydrate consumption has occurred in the West for the past few decades, with a concomitant reduction in overall fat intake. We have also seen increased levels of autism, ADHD, and food allergies in children. Now logically we should never make a causal connection between increased carbohydrate consumption and any one of these maladies, based simply on observational evidence of an increase in these two things. We would be guilty of the same error that we criticize epidemiologists for making. So I would never advocate for such a non sequitur. However, following the same illogical thinking of epidemiologists, if one phenomenon is on the rise (i.e. increased carb intake) and another phenomenon was on the rise (ADHD, autism, and allergies), why don’t these same epidemiologists, who like to denigrate low carb, say that the former causes the latter? Why won’t epidemiologists erroneously jump to this conclusion? Could it be their funding?

  • I have a friend, she’s vegetarian, not vegan. She’ll sometimes eat some fish, butter,milk, etc. She is 27 and collapsing: her hair falling out, zero muscle mass (she is super skinny, but skinny fat), pre-diebetic symptoms, massive anxiety, regular migranes. She absolutely refuses to see the connection between her health and her diet. It’s so painful to watch.

  • I supplement a whole food plant-based diet with small amounts of meat and fish. So, my diet is a low fat, high whole grain carb diet, as no refined oils and fats are used. I only use vitamin D and vitamin B12 supplements. I eat between 3500 and 4000 Kcal a day despite wedging 54 kg, so I eat large amounts of food, containing a massive amount of nutrients. For example, I get one gram of magnesium, 80 grams of fiber, 150 grams of protein a day.

    I strongly believe in eating this way instead of eating (relatively) smaller quantities of special foods that are better absorbed or converted with higher efficiency by the body to the compounds needed. The body has evolved all sorts of systems to deal with the foods that can typically be found in nature. Meat, fish and eggs are part of a natural diet, but not in such huge quantities to meet all our nutritional demands from.

    I.m.o., bypassing systems that the human body evolved to use, such as the microbiome is not going to be optimal for long term health, even if it does help some people with certain symptoms. It’s analogous to bypassing the capacity we have to exercise by not walking, running and using our cars all the time. It turns out not to be all that good for long term health. While one can manage an inactive lifestyle by reducing calorie intake, it’s not going to be optimal for health.

    Just like I don’t want to lose my muscles and my cardiovascular fitness and exercise for an hour a day, I also don’t want my microbiome to atrophy away. So, I need to feed my microbiome, which means eating about 80 grams of fiber a day. But the gut microbes cannot survive on fiber alone, they also need protein, iron, magnesium etc., and that’s where plant-based foods with lower bioavailability for many nutrients compared to meat comes in. Microbes in our large intestines will get their required nutrients if we get a significant fraction of our nutrients from plant-based foods.

    The diet I eat is not something any one can just start with. For example, today I had 1 kg of potatoes, 300 grams of broccoli, 300 grams of carrots and 80 grams of walnuts for dinner. Being able to eat this way requires having a good enough gut fitness. And i.m.o. that’s healthy, just like being physically fit and being able to run for one hour at a fast pace is also healthy.

  • Complete unscientific bullshit. At 55, vegan for 9 years, 30+ vegetarian before, and a scientist, I am completely healthy. There is no nutrient you cannot get on a vegan diet. I would have been dead a long time ago or have some serious disease if that were true. I am athletic and more healthy than most people my age. I do not take supplements or eat a super strict diet. There many other like me, totally healthy. You have been debunked.

  • I really don’t understand why diabetic patients need to eat loads of carbs. Don’t they already have trouble dealing with blood sugar levels?

  • After start a keto diet for at least 5 weeks, finally I got pregnant after 2.5 years trying at 36 years old. I wasn’t expecting this “side effect” �� but thanks god happened. I continued this keto diet but my doctors were very concerned about it when ketones in my urine appeared. As a result of my urine test I was told to eat a “healthy” diet, full of carbs… the results: gestational diabetes. I wouldn’t say another factors contributed to the development of GD, but the way I managed the blood sugars was by doing mostly keto. They (doctors) really scary you about ketones and I was forced to eat carbs but it is an inconsistency what they tell you. I was a whole mess between what doctors told me to do and the results I was having with keto while pregnat. I decided to follow keto diet (once in a while I ate carbs) and I have a healthy baby who was 7pounds and 7ounces as a new born.
    My point is that many doctors don’t even know the benefits of low carb and we are supposed to trust them.

  • I was vegan for about 2 years, took a lot of supplements, multivitamins ect, but that way of eating just led me to anorexia with a lot of another symptoms. Although my analysis were good, I obviously was nutrient deficient. So maybe blood test found those supplements in my body, but nothing was absorbed. ONLY eating animal food made me feel millions times better

  • Bullshit as always. Here are the scientific facts (I am medical, but simply go on pubmed and look it up yourself):
    -VitA: You need 1mg of pure Retinol a day. Which means that you need to eat 1 gram of animal Retinol or 36 gram of vegetativ retinol. 20 grams of an appricose contains 1000 mg of veget. retinol. so you will never miss out here. Just another meat industry lie.
    -VitD: 20 mins of daylight is enough for the human body to produce the amoutn of vitD we need. The VidD in the meat you eat is also substituted, because those animals have never seen the sunlight.

    I stoped watching, cause its just non scientific shit. Don´t believe in everything you see on the internet. Believe in science. I dont blame here she just needs to pay her pills with those diet plans. But there is more out there, then simply filling your wallet. Cheers.

  • When the Democrats get a President again in America I bet this man will be called a “food science denier” and he’ll soon be banned from even speaking. The Green Vegan nuts are CONTROLLING the narrative with the media over here!!!

  • Hmmmmm, they did a low carb pregnancy study more recently. Published in January 2018: “To assess the association between carbohydrate intake and NTDs, we analyzed data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study from 1,740 mothers of infants, stillbirths, and terminations with anencephaly or spina bifida (cases), and 9,545 mothers of live born infants without a birth defect (controls) conceived between 1998 and 2011”.

  • Interesting subject! I have been on a ketogenic diet for 6 months and I had very good results, but now my weight loss seems to have stopped. I am tempted to try a carnivor diet but I have some concern about whether it is truly complete? I wonder if there are some vitamins found exclusively in plants?

  • I love Dr. Baker, but he forgets that a nutritional researcher and an epidemiologist are not mutually exclusive. I’m both, and I totally think he has some fair points about epidemiology. I think the biggest problem is that people forget the original source of information when said information has been regurgitated for decades (ie. fat/ cholesterol hypothesis and Ancel Keys.) A lot of people “in the know” know that that it was the 7 countries study, but many people don’t know that he omitted something like 15 community data sets and kept 7 to prove his hypothesis (big no-no), and the study design was prospective and observational. But nowadays, the lay person and physicians will often word vomit “butter = fat = CVD.” Or some shit like that. Which is crazy, because even if it had been an RCT we would have needed replication studies to confirm. But since it has been repeated for so long, people thing general consensus = truth. Which makes the myth stronger.
    I don’t like that he throws out animal studies and glorifies RCTs. Animal studies are very important (if performed and interpreted correctly) because the animal subject life cycle is so much shorter. So we can measure exposure-outcome relationship faster than in humans. Yes, their genome needs to be similar. And yes, there are some errors everyone should look for. Mice are optimized to eat at night and need a much higher ambient temperature in their environment (to prevent augmenting the metabolic rate) and have a much higher metabolic rate than humans do (the larger the volume:surface area ratio of the animal, the higher the metabolic rate. Birds have high MR, elephants have low MR.) And yes, the chow they are fed matters (which often CICO defenders use to negate the carbohydrate-insulin hypothesis [ps: they’re both kind of right and kind of wrong]). If a mouse is fed 40% CHO and 40% fat, it depends on what constitutes those proportions. Is it butter or soybean oil or olive oil making up the fat, and is it sucrose/ glucose/ fructose or starch that makes up the chow? This has a very real effect on the trial. Also, many topics are unethical to study in humans (ie. an intervention with the propensity to make participants gain weight IS unethical and hard to approve… which is actually a really important topic that should be researched and would shed more light on CICO vs CIM hypotheses.)

    Also, yes observational trials cannot show causation. But they can show the potential effect in a real-world setting. If you conduct an RCT, you often need to control for energy and macronutrient consumption down to the kcal, but if you were to separate people into treatment groups that they already identify with (carnivore vs vegan, for example) and follow them for a decade you can see how the effect of their dietary choices actually impacts REAL people living REAL lives and not being in a metabolic ward for 30 days. Metabolic wards are hard to conduct, and hard to do ethically. And you end up controlling so much of the equation to limit confounding that you get rid of the real-world applicability. For example, say carnivores eat 1000 kcal less per day than vegans when observed. When you’re intervening, you need to make them eat the same amount (and even possibly equivocate protein proportion because it will augment their metabolic rate.) So you will eventually not observe a lot of the potential benefits (ie. reduction in ad libitum hunger (satiety).) Also, observational studies have been the pivotal point historically, in research, where we have learned about disease etiology and learned of causative factors that are first identified as effect modifiers and/or confounders.
    Nutrition research IS a shit show. I’ll completely admit it. Almost no lay person should try to interpret any of it without extensive knowledge of study methodology, biochemistry, physiology, and nutritional basics. Perhaps the future is in app-based research, because funding studies is not an easy feat. Sorry for the rant guys, I just wanted to share some knowledge. <3

  • umm young lady where is the study that shows how many people have low levels of vit A? You’re focusing on mechanism but not showing if that mechanism is having an effect on the population. where is the study that all vegans are deficient in vit A? you and your audience want to live in a world where veggies are bad for so you believe anything without seeing evidence based on studies of human.

    ps your 1:10 was from https://www.xcode.life/23andme-raw-data/beta-carotene-conversion-vitamin-a/
    lol science not

    funny how you left this part out
    “It is estimated that nearly 50% of vitamin A in a diet is due to beta carotene and other such carotenoids.” interesting isn’t it?

  • if your body has enough vitamin A it won’t convert it because your body doesn’t want an excess. where is the study that showed people with low levels of vit A can’t convert it? a healthy person might already have all the vit A their system needs so conversion stops.

    please stop lying and start linking the studies. use a little common sense if you have any.

  • Eating meat only gets rid of my dandruff and flaky skin, and arthritis. Also, my body fat is lower. I do have some gastro issues with it, however.

  • I’d really like to hear your thoughts on the documentary “Game Changer.” It really pushes “plant based” but basically vegan. They really put a shame on eating meat.

  • Did you hear about Dr. Ken D Berry’s house? He has been supporting people going keto and/or carnivore.
    BTW, I eat keto and mostly animal foods. Carbs caused me obesity and to be ravenously uncontrollably hungry. Keto and animal foods solved my health problems.



  • Kait, there is  Vegan putting out videos arguing with people about nutrients, his youtube channel name is Joey Carbstrong. He says you can get vitamin B12 from dirt? I think the quack doctor that said it was either  Dr. Macgregor or Dr. Michael Klaper. Now mind you, Dr Klaper in the video I saw was about 70 years old and he could be on the TV show “The Walking Dead” without any need for makeup because he literally looks like a zombie. Where in the world did they come up with this pseudo-science nonsense. It’s no wonder why Vegans have such brain fog, I think they literally make stuff up? Have you ever heard of this nonsense about vitamin B12?

  • Yes, they hate ketogenic diets. I am a low carb dietician and I have to tell you, this is hard. No one cares about the results, all they care about is how much grains, vegetables and fruits there are in the diet, and you’d better eat your meal 5-6 times or you’re going to die.

  • I’m really craving seafood over any other protein. I had scallops and ribeye last night and ate all the scallops and only 2 bites of the ribeye. I’m making salmon for dinner but also craving shrimp so may have that too or for lunch. I wonder what nutrients I’m needing, maybe iodine?? I started taking krill oil caps last week. Thanks for the great videos!

  • There is a vegan source of vitamin d3 and it’s coming from lichen, it’s a fungus and it has been proven that it’s 100% absorbable.

  • Thank you for sharing this, I’ve been worried about some family members after I went keto and started learning more about both keto and carnivore. I keep sharing common sense videos and articles, but the vegetarian/vegan dogma has them snowed. I hope something gets through before lasting damage is done to them and their children.

  • i love meat, but on average which humans live & have lived the longest? meat eaters, meat & veg eaters or vegetarians?.i think it might b the meat & veg eaters!

  • Carnivore.at.54 here…..the longer I watch your videos, the more I am grateful for all the time and energy you put into helping to teach others! You are awesome and thank you!

  • 8:21 are you claiming only vegans have AD? please link that study? why do you refuse to show the title of the studies? is it because this is an opinion piece done by a former meat and egg advisor? yes that’s exactly why.


    Correction notice This article has been corrected since it was published online.
    The ‘Competing interests’ section has been updated.
    Contributors Contributors: ED contributed to conceptualising and writing the
    manuscript. Declarations: ED has previously sat on Choline Advisory Panels but did
    not receive funding for the writing of this article nor its open access fees.
    Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any
    funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
    Disclaimer ED has previously sat on Choline Advisory Panels but did not receive
    funding for the writing of this article nor its open access fees.
    Competing interests ED has written this article independently and did not receive
    funding for writing it. It was written solely to raise choline awareness. She has,
    however, consulted for and advised: The Meat Advisory Panel, Marlow Foods
    (Quorn), the Health Supplement Information Service and the British Egg Information
    Service, amongst others.
    Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
    Data availability statement There are no data in this work. No data are available.

    What is she basing her facts about plant based diets on Kait? i looked at the references and saw no studies comparing choline levels between vegans to meat eater maybe you can reply below with that info and hopefully its within the past 5 years seeing as vegan foods really didn’t blow up until recently so i’m sure vegans from decades ago might be deficient that’s why we need to look at current data.

    I found this really interesting “It was written solely to raise choline awareness.” So this wasn’t written to show evidence that a plant based diet is detrimental to brain health? wow why are you so dishonest? you can’t spin this against vegans when the article itself is saying that it’s just an awareness piece.

    here’s one of the plant based studies she listed maybe you should read it since you want to reference the article in a 10 min video. its reference 30.
    “We discuss positive physiological effects of plant-based diet and its possible role in diseases risk reduction. Cardiovascular and metabolic diseases developing due to obesity could be prevented by a properly compiled plant-based diet. For patients with cancer minimizing the intake of foods of animal origin as opposed to plant-based ones has proved to have positive effects.”

    you focus on nutrients because you can’t focus on overall health because you lose in that arena.

  • Just venting but I watched The Game Changer, and I’m freaked out! It was so well done with multiple “lies” that I can see why its changing people’s way of eating. It made meat look so bad. I know better, but as an American, I also know how easy it is to get one over on us. I really dont care what people choose to eat, it is a choice, but some people are talking about changing laws that would affect me, like meat and dairy taxes. Right now I like the WFPB folks because it keeps my animal products affordable but hearing how they want to affect my life makes me want to speak up, and not nicely. I guess it’s not enough to hate someone based on there political ideas here, now we get to hate one another over food, too��. By the way, I really enjoy your videos. I (try) to eat the same as you…carnivore-ish, lol. (I say try because Thanksgiving messed me up and I’m fighting a sugar addiction that seems to be winning��)

  • I just love your videos and content! You’re information is so helpful to me and your Knowledge that you share is Awesome! Thank you and have a wonderful week. ��������

  • vegans don’t say not to supplement b12 you just wish that was the case or you following crazy vegans who refuse to use science like yourself

    take one a week because you’ll still get some in your food and they have a sale so you pay $10 for yourself and $5 for your partner for the whole year $15/year vegan must be going broke with all these supplements lol

  • Great information, BUT, Kate could you post your sources in the description? I make these arguements regularly with those that disagree with my keto-carnivore choices. I would love to read these studies to have some “beef” behind essential vitamins in meat based diets. It is frustrating how ingrained the idea that “vegetables are the best source of nutrients for the body.” Most people cannot give me good sources for that arguement.

  • When I was taking a magnesium supplement I had to stop because it made it very difficult for me to sleep. Even if I took it in the morning I wouldn’t be able to sleep for about 2-3 days after until it got out of my system.

  • zero studies referenced about iron not even where you got the graph from.


    “Vegetarians who eat a varied and well balanced diet are not at any greater risk of iron deficiency anaemia than non-vegetarians. A diet rich in wholegrains, legumes, nuts, seeds, dried fruits, iron-fortified cereals and green leafy vegetables provides an adequate iron intake. Vitamin C and other organic acids enhance non-haem iron absorption, a process that is carefully regulated by the gut. People with low iron stores or higher physiological need for iron will tend to absorb more iron and excrete less.”

  • Trying so hard to hear this valuable info, having to resort to lip-reading. The stress of trying to hear this is causing my adrenals to deplete my magnesium levels! Please fix sound. Thanks.

  • Don’t forget Vitamin E? Since it’s a fat soluble vitamin and most vegetables are low in fat. You literally can’t absorb them without adding some animal fats to it

  • I very much appreciated this presentation which confirms what I have learned through experience over the last four years since diagnosis. Early on, I listened to the counsel of several natural doctors who recommended that I stop eating a number of my favorite foods, including wheat. After losing 20 pounds that I did not have to give, I returned to my favorite foods minus dairy, deserts and process foods. I gradually adopted a Mediterranean diet with very small amounts of fish or poultry for dinner. I mostly eat grains, legumes, vegetables and fruits. When I distance myself from this diet, my body reacts poorly. It is interesting that I have naturally arrived at a diet that Dr John Duda recommends. In addition to watching my diet, I work out for several hours each day and I do take some supplements, even though there is not solid proof that they are helping. I’m doing all in my power to retain my health. Richard H

  • This is so interesting. I take b vitamins, vitamin c, vitamin D, vitamin k2, gaba, n acetyl l cysteine, lithium orotate, magnesium, zinc, chromium, iodine, valerian, adrenal support herbs, fish oil, probiotics, and lecithin.

  • I can’t deal with these low carb brain lacking advocates. Carbs and even insulin is health promoting. Fats and high protein is the cause of sickness. Prove me wrong

  • The keshe foundation are reversing parkinsons and alzhiemers in people in china, The units are for sale in january to clinics and doctors, starting at 150,000.00 euro going to 1,000,000.00 euro by march, there is a video about it on utube go to keshe reversing alzhiemers and parkinsons

  • We have been on the carnivore diet for 2 and a half weeks and my husband has been suffering from incredible gout for over a week now. could it be to much purine in his system?

  • Hi, I was really looking forward to hearing this program. I would respectfully suggest that the format is Not helpful. I would suggest the speaker be at a whiteboard and be jotting down the terms he is using. His “relaxed” sitting in a chair is not helpful to this listener. Would be much better to see a list of the particular topics or questions he will be answering.