Mountain Climbing – Options to consider Before You Begin


Mock Competition With The National Climbing Team

Video taken from the channel: Emil Abrahamsson


The Essential Beginner Rock Climbing Kit | Outside

Video taken from the channel: Outside


How To Start Outdoor Climbing | Climbing Daily Ep.1371

Video taken from the channel: EpicTV Climbing Daily


Intro to Rock Climbing for Beginners How to, Terminology & Gear [4K]

Video taken from the channel: Bottom Line Up Front


8 beginner tips you NEED To know on how to start outdoor rock climbing

Video taken from the channel: Cragcloud


Top 10 Beginner Mistakes when Bouldering!

Video taken from the channel: Jenn Sends


TOP 10 Tips for Beginner Boulderers

Video taken from the channel: Bouldering Bobat

This is why top-rope climbing is the first type of roped climbing you’ll want to start within both indoor and outdoor settings. The person that holds your rope taut is called a belayer and they are basically the person that keeps you from falling. Belaying is a critical role, so they need to be a guide and experienced. As I mentioned before, bouldering is when you climb up and around a rock wall without any kind of rope.

There are crash pads under you, and you’re typically not. Don’t start climbing a route at the exact same time as a person on the route next to you. Even if your routes don’t intersect, people need a little space on the wall. Let them get at least a third.

When you go rock climbing, and you’re picking out your wardrobe, you want to keep two things in mind: comfort and flexibility. You want clothing that will stretch easily, but not hang so much that it gets in the way. For example, sweat pants are a good option. Routes, known as “problems” typically require only a few short, but very intense moves. Bouldering is a great type of climbing for beginners for a few reasons: you can climb solo, it minimises fear of heights, and requires the least amount of time and gear.

The American system of climbing grades is based off the Yosemite Decimal System (YDS), which begins with class 1 (hiking) to class 5 (uber. The climber signals that he is ready to start climbing. Belayer: Climb on! or Climb!

The belayer again signals she is ready for the climber. Other types of climbing you may hear about include lead climbing and traditional (trad) climbing, but those require more skill and are beyond the scope of where beginners should start. © Westend61. Before you start.

The term “rock climbing” encompasses a great number of disciplines, from bouldering to big wall climbing, to mountain climbing and mountaineering. Before you begin, it might be important to first identify what style of climbing you are interested in, or perhaps to ask, “Why do I. What are the costs involved in opening a rock climbing gym? You will need to lease a very large space with extremely high ceilings.

A typical rock climbing run can go up at least three stories. As such, most rock climbing gyms are located in industrial areas.

List of related literature:

Purchase a book that covers the basics, including a section on climbing terminology and etiquette.

“How to Buy and Sell (Just About) Everything: More Than 550 Step-by-Step Instructions for Everything From Buying Life Insurance to Selling Your Screenplay to Choosing a Thoroughbred Racehorse” by Jeff Wuorio
from How to Buy and Sell (Just About) Everything: More Than 550 Step-by-Step Instructions for Everything From Buying Life Insurance to Selling Your Screenplay to Choosing a Thoroughbred Racehorse
by Jeff Wuorio
Free Press, 2010

One way to promote comfort with the unfamiliarity of on-sight climbing is to get as much experience as possible on different types of rock.

“Performance Rock Climbing” by Dale Goddard, Udo Neumann
from Performance Rock Climbing
by Dale Goddard, Udo Neumann
Stackpole Books, 1993

Research the routes before jumping on, to make sure they are appropriate for your experience and climbing ability.

“Rock Climbing, 2nd Edition: Mastering Basic Skills” by Topher Donahoe, Craig Luebben
from Rock Climbing, 2nd Edition: Mastering Basic Skills
by Topher Donahoe, Craig Luebben
Mountaineers Books, 2014

A good guide will choose climbs that don’t have a lot of exposure, so that you’ll have time to get used to the sensation of climbing and being off the ground.

“Fodor's The Complete Guide to the National Parks of the West” by Fodor's Travel Guides
from Fodor’s The Complete Guide to the National Parks of the West
by Fodor’s Travel Guides
Fodor’s Travel, 2016

If you do decide to climb, you’ll definitely need a guide.

“The Rough Guide to Bali and Lombok” by Lesley Reader, Lucy Ridout
from The Rough Guide to Bali and Lombok
by Lesley Reader, Lucy Ridout
Rough Guides, 2002

If you’re inexperienced, hire a guide or take a climbing class.

“Rock Climbing New England” by Stewart M. Green
from Rock Climbing New England
by Stewart M. Green
Falcon Guides, 2015

Some knowledge of climbing technique will be essential.

“Zen Training: Methods and Philosophy” by Katsuki Sekida
from Zen Training: Methods and Philosophy
by Katsuki Sekida
Shambhala, 2005

This guide includes everything you need to know from day one as a climber through your first year or two in the sport.

“Maximum Climbing: Mental Training for Peak Performance and Optimal Experience” by Eric Horst
from Maximum Climbing: Mental Training for Peak Performance and Optimal Experience
by Eric Horst
Falcon Guides, 2010

When I was climbing, my partner and I were giving each other advice about which way to go and which rock might be the best one to go to next.

“Clinical Decision Making in Fluency Disorders” by Walter H. Manning, Anthony DiLollo
from Clinical Decision Making in Fluency Disorders
by Walter H. Manning, Anthony DiLollo
Plural Publishing, Incorporated, 2017

There wasnotimetoquestion why themen hadn’t warned me to prepare—take climbing lessons, lift weights, bring technical equipment.

“An Alchemy of Mind: The Marvel and Mystery of the Brain” by Diane Ackerman
from An Alchemy of Mind: The Marvel and Mystery of the Brain
by Diane Ackerman
Scribner, 2012

Alexia Lewis RD

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  • lack of situational awareness on the mat’s is my #1 pet peeve. It’s like skiing, if you’re behind then it’s your job to not hit the person in front of you. I don’t have eyes in the back of my head and you have the space to move safely around me.

  • You said no to train outside of the gym but I would disagree. When I started I was over weight making learning even basic techniques incredibly difficult. So asses your fitness level and get stronger, you’ll have more fun and progress faster.

  • Whether you’re climbing or belaying wear a helmet. People flip upside down on sport or trad, there’s nearly always a risk from falling stones (or goats!), and if you take a big fall the last thing you want is your head taking the impact. Wear a helmet or be one…


  • Hi Emil, did you notice, that you used a different beta on your 3rd boulders last attempt? Sometimes one judges too early on lacking strength
    Nice video as always, cheers

  • Hi, I’m grossly overweight. I’m 5’11 and weigh roughly 300lbs and am very self conscious. I want to get into climbing but afraid of judgment, is being overweight frowned upon in the climbing world (obviously I’m trying to become healthier) but to be in a climbing gym, would there be hazards to the wall? Would I cause to much damage or would I even be allowed to climb? Thanks for answering the question if you do!

  • you’re nice but tip number 8 is bs.. you really ought to buy hand trainers to develop some muscles in your forearms so you get the most out of your sessions, otherwise beginners burn out after half an hour and then get frustrated.

  • you guys are awesome! I’m new to climbing and I’m loving every second of it. I can’t believe it took me so long to try it out! Thanks for the great tips! Keep up the good work!!

  • I live in worcester so I visit the malvern hills and ivy scar is a good one to climb and the roaches “hens nest” are in the west midlands near the M6 so I want to do those on a small holiday. When are you coming to the west midlands?

  • Okay I’m excited, I thought my only option was this one gym that was 20 bucks a month but I found one that is just bouldering and that’s 5 bucks for the whole day, and only 10 minutes away from me. I think that’ll be a great start

  • I don’t know if it is a mistake persay, but I think something to do with the social aspect of climbing could have made it on this list. (especially after the great bouldering with anxiety video!)
    You’re going to be around other people climbing, and figuring out the right kind of way to ask to try a climb/hop on their project/get some beta can be scary for newbies.
    I’ve been climbing for a few months, and have come to the conclusion that my reading of problems sucks: I virtually never flash anything at my skill ceiling. So recently I’ve been more open with others at my level about how they’re doing on X problem, and those talks are in turn helping me visualise my own beta better.

    Hope you don’t feel too pigeon holed into beginner tips for your youtube career! Been a big fan of the projecting stuff.

  • “the more you talk to people, the more they will talk back”: people had a tough day at work. They have their own group and want you to mind your own business same as their doing.

  • I`m now climbing since 8 years and youtube just recommended this vid to me so i just watched it to see what you two guys got for beginner tips. I can totally agree on all you guys said and as im doing training for some kids as we`ll i`ll try think of you`re vid the next training cause from my opinion you start taking stuff as something usuall when you get better and then totally forget about others that arent as good as you doing excactly these mistakes….

    At all very good vid guys

  • Im getting in to the intermediates so i hope this video will be usefull for someone else. Jenn could you do like a intermediates guide??

  • Something I think I could have articulated better in the video is that since I haven’t hangboarded/done campus board myself, I can’t speak to how much it’ll help you as a beginner. Instead, what I wanted to say is that I think in the beginning there are other things you can train that will help you a lot more than improving finger strength. It’ll make your fingers stronger if you do it correctly, but if you don’t have the correct technique, strengthening your fingers will only have a marginal benefit:-) DON’T COME FOR ME PLEASE THIS IS JUST BASED OFF MY EXPERIENCE/NON-EXPERIENCE/CONVERSATIONS WITH FRIENDS

  • So… are you on the swedish national team Emil? also are there any bouldering comps coming up that is streamed? would love to watch some comps but everything seems cancelled

  • What’s up Bottom Line Up Front? This is an awesome video, especially enjoyed your super helpful tips! This is why we think it would make a great addition to our video of the month contest! Just upload it to and you could have the chance to win a carabiner + headlamp, Boreo helmet/harness, portable crash pad and be featured on Outside TV! See you on Campfire!

  • Only touched slabs for 2 years? I wish I could touch slabs at all �� my local bouldering gym is about 90% overhang and the slabs are all set with difficult routes. My first sessions were like 30 minutes long because my arm weren’t able to handle more overhang. I wish I had access to more slabs

  • Remember to bring and use an helmet! Even on very busy routes small stones (and sometimes bigger ones) are always a danger, especially in the Dolomites where weather is ever changing the surface, so especially when you belay it is important to be protected!! And I would also recommend using an assisted belay device like the GriGri, learn how to use it and practice at your local gym before using it outdoors…thanks for your videos, I am looking at all of them and I find them very useful!

  • Check out this gal for some of the best advice on finger injury prevention. I think you’re video is excellent paired with hers:

  • Glad to see this has one of the highest “thumbs up” ratios I’ve seen on any video. You kept it simple and clean. I love that you didn’t get sucked into anything too advanced and kept it real for new climbers.

    One thing I think should be added to a beginner routine though is hand safety exercises. A simple progression of hand stretching has done wonders for my recovery and I’m much more confident with a frequent climbing schedule.

  • Hi Jenn How do you feel about guys not wearing shirts at the climbing gym? I’m new to climbing (3 months or so) and take my kids (11 &13) along as they love to climb too But I find the whole shirtless thing a little unnecessary!

  • I remember the first time I forgot to take my rings off I got told that if my ring catches it will take the skin straight off my finger.

    I never wore rings to the gym again. Haha.

  • I think that when you mentioned over gripping it is also important to take long brakes/ do not do 5 routes in 10 min but spread them evenly through an hour (not for warm-up but when you to routes of your capability). btw love your videos!

  • Climb with people who are better climbers than you! And ask questions all the time! People in the climbing community (as I’ve come to experience) are more than willing to help in any way they can. I’m 21 and new to climbing and I’ve asked children for advice and I’ve been made a better climber for it

  • Seriously nikken build with Jacky that man is awsome is made so much for Fontainebleau anyway that was a very cool vid with very Nice boulder and like the Wayne you explain how you where feeling during the boulder and what you should have do

  • Yey glad I stumbled on your video. I’ve been bouldering for fun but was not really committed to it just did it with my cousins when i got the chance to, but i wanna get back at it and try to actually be better.

  • Also rest for a bit inbewteen climbs and take it easy if your a beginner, went climbing for the first time with some experienced friends and I was having a good time and went a little bit to hard and still sore 3 days later and may have hurt my elbows a bit

  • My gym has signs stating “no climbing shoes in the bathroom” but I never understood it. I figured they meant their rentals because they are out of sight and easy to conceal. You just blew my mind with that last tip. Thanks! now i will stop getting dirty looks at the gym.

  • Agree on the whole ‘training regimen’ thing. Just have fun and climb. Why worry about trying to squeeze every bit of progress out of your time if youre not going pro. Just relax a little ��

  • I started climbing in 1977 with EBs a stuff sack with chalk and a tooth brush…No crash pads very few people at boulders or the crags. Colorado climbing was an extension of hiking..outdoor skills..self rescue and weather knowledge. The ability to downclimb and read the rock from the bottom up as well as anchor / protection skills were your only safety…It certainly has changed. I still lead 5.11 trad at age 59. Also approachs and pack weight were long and heavy…I seen modern climbers using scary pro and unable to set safe anchors without bolts…Trad is Best ��

  • Have definitely gotten on a route on autobelay for an onsight or redpoint burn and have had someone jump on the route next to me that intersects and have just had to hang there, burning out my hands waiting for them to pass me up even though I got on first. Thankfully both times I sent, but it killed my endurance for that day

  • I’ve been climbing for around 9 months and the only reason I have started fingerboarding is because I’ve temporarily moved away from the gym.

  • I was lucky and got climbing outside first with people who had been climbing for years. Outside climbing is so much more real but inside great to meet new people and to train in the colder months

  • Agreed on the comfort zone point!! It makes climbing so much more fun when you take away the pressure of always having to send or solve a full problem. Getting into that mindset of just playing on the wall and attempting routes that look fun has helped me get out of my head and improve a lot.

  • Great list of beginner tips! �� I’d like to add that the gym’s safety video regarding how to fall and land safely shouldn’t be taken lightly at all. I mostly go to a bouldering gym and have seen some really bad falls which could have been prevented, either from bad falling technique or beginners being just a bit too adventurous on climbs such as dynos.

  • Thank you guys this was really helpful, I’m starting of rock climbing for the first time in college and I’m struggling. But tonight I finally got to top and I have to remember to “climb on “.

  • The hang on your skeleton part is debatable? i’ve seen other beginner tip videoes telling me that’s not good, that you should use your muscles, while also not bending too much

  • i am a beginner and i bend my knees a lot when i am going to reach for the next hand hold so it looks like i am going to do a big dyno jump but then i dont jump and just reach to the next hold. is this normal?

  • My 2 cents, having started in February ’19, would be:

    Focus on keeping your arms straight as much as possible.
    Watch your foot placement before averting your eyes. Don’t quickly glance then scrape your feet. Be calm & accurate.
    When reaching for a hold, you want your weight and centre of gravity on the same sided leg as the hand going up, so you can push up from it. Imagine doing a pistol squat! Really efficient.
    You don’t need to hangboard or campus, not as a beginner. Just focus on your technique and climbing as much and as often as possible. 2-3 times a week for a good 1-2 hours if you can.
    As Jenn said, don’t make the common mistake of powering through problems because of your base athletic ability. Sure maybe for a first send, but try redoing the route multiple times but with cleaner and more efficient technique.
    Definitely watch where you walk/sit in the gym, I’ve had it happen too with people being under me half way through a climb! It’s the climbers responsibility to make sure it’s safe to be on the route when they begin, but then it’s others responsibility to make sure they are out of the way once that person has started climbing.
    Don’t be afraid to befriend stronger climbers. It’s free coaching at the end of the day and makes the sessions more enjoyable. Try doing stuff they are doing, even if it means only being able to do one or two of the moves! Discuss what they are doing and why they are doing it, with regards to the route, so you try to approach your own climbs with the same mindset.

  • Regarding body positioning, a good way to climb overhung climbs (creds to my climbing coach) is to step through on the wall/hold with the foot that is closer to the handhold you’re reaching for, then flag your other foot, and turn your hip into the wall to bring your body closer to the wall and to the hold. Turning your hip/body to the wall is really good at improving your ability to reach for holds since it actually decreases the distance your hand is from the hold you want to reach for.

    This works pretty well for most beginner overhung climbs, but as a general rule of thumb, being aware of foot-placing and making sure to toe-down on foot holds, and making sure that your body isn’t just facing the wall straight on, but rather turning into the wall to bring you closer to holds (esp. if you don’t have long limbs) is super duper important when starting out.
    As you start climbing more often you get to know how your body works (and how gravity works) and can kind of get a sense of what will make you fall, and eventually, you’ll also learn how to circumvent that.

  • Went rock climbing for the first time. Definitely could of used these tips today. Tomorrow my arms will be achy! I made the mistake of using so much upper body strength. Now i know it’s all on the toes and legs.