The Bond Between Hormones and Training Performance


Mike Israetel: Differences between Natural vs Enhanced Training and Nutrition

Video taken from the channel: The Lifting Dermatologist


Performance Enhancing Drugs

Video taken from the channel: SciShow


13. Endocrine System Responses to Exercise

Video taken from the channel: Osiris Salazar


Association of Biotin Ingestion with Performance of Hormone and Nonhormone Assays in Healthy Adults

Video taken from the channel: LabRoots


Climbing, Training & Menstrual Cycles

Video taken from the channel: Lattice Training


Hormones During Rest and Exercise

Video taken from the channel: Vivo Phys Evan Matthews


The relationship of sleep to recovery and performance in elite athletes Mary Morrell

Video taken from the channel: The Physiological Society

A growing body of research is developing on women’s cyclical hormonal fluctuations and their effects on exercise and athletic performance. Even the dominant U.S. women’s soccer team started tracking their periods and using the information to make training adjustments. Each of these hormones plays a significant role in your body’s adaptation to the physical stress and performance of exercise.

One important thing to consider is the importance of including a variety of activities in your exercise program (i.e. heavy strength training, as well as both moderate and high intensity cardio) to ensure you are reaping the most benefits. The key to getting the most benefit from the endocrine system for running performance is the keep hormonal balance. When it comes to training, the most important hormones to pay attention to are growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor, cortisol, and testosterone. The female hormones, oestrogen and progesterone, fluctuate predictably across the menstrual cycle in naturally cycling eumenorrhoeic women.

Other than reproductive function, these hormones influence many other physiological systems, and their action during exercise may have implications for exercise performance. Endogenous androgen production is dynamically regulated by both exercise and winning in competition. Furthermore, testosterone may promote athletic performance, not only through its long-term anabolic actions, but also through rapid effects on behavior.

In these other musculoskeletal tissues, estrogen improves muscle mass and strength, and increases the collagen content of connective tissues. However, unlike bone and muscle where estrogen improves function, in tendons and ligaments estrogen decreases stiffness, and this directly affects performance and injury rates. A correlation relationship was found in this study that was in concordance with previous literature, and supportive of our hypothesis.

That is, a significant negative relationship between cortisol and total testosterone was found in the Exercise Recovery samples; however, there was no relationship between the hormones in the Resting samples. Relationship Between Training and Employee Performance. Employee training is a tool that managers can utilize to help employees bridge the gap between their present level of performance and their desired level of performance. The challenge for the organization is to design training options that give employees the. There is positive relationship between the employee’s performance and training and motivation.

The study shows that training and motivation has positive impact on performance of employees. This study concludes that organization having good training plans for employees can enhance the performance of employees. Testosterone is linked to your sex drive, whether you’re male or female.

It’s known to have a more direct effect on the male sex drive. T levels naturally rise during masturbation and sex, and.

List of related literature:

A few examples of the effects of training on some of these hormones may help you understand their effect on performances in practice and competition.

“Swimming Fastest” by Ernest W. Maglischo
from Swimming Fastest
by Ernest W. Maglischo
Human Kinetics, 2003

The author also concludes that training based on SSGs or unofficial (i.e., friendly) matches does not seem to produce the same significant hormonal responses to the stimulus as the competitive environment.

“Wearable Sensor Technology for Monitoring Training Load and Health in the Athletic Population” by Billy Sperlich, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Kamiar Aminian
from Wearable Sensor Technology for Monitoring Training Load and Health in the Athletic Population
by Billy Sperlich, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Kamiar Aminian
Frontiers Media SA, 2020

Some studies have demonstrated changes in basal levels of hormones in response to regular training programs (149,150) (see refs.

“Sports Endocrinology” by Michelle P. Warren, Naama W. Constantini
from Sports Endocrinology
by Michelle P. Warren, Naama W. Constantini
Humana Press, 2000

Conversely, reductions in testosterone levels associated with increases in cortisol levels have been observed in response to aerobic training in athletes subjected to high-volume training (Maïmoun et al., 2003).

“Sex Hormones” by Raghvendra Dubey
from Sex Hormones
by Raghvendra Dubey
IntechOpen, 2012

A much larger body of data supports a relationship between hormones and cognitive performance.

“Evolutionary Psychology in the Business Sciences” by Gad Saad
from Evolutionary Psychology in the Business Sciences
by Gad Saad
Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2011

Training modifies the hormonal responses at a given work rate.

“Textbook of Work Physiology: Physiological Bases of Exercise” by Per-Olof Åstrand, Kaare Rodahl, Hans A. Dahl, Sigmund B. Strømme
from Textbook of Work Physiology: Physiological Bases of Exercise
by Per-Olof Åstrand, Kaare Rodahl, et. al.
Human Kinetics, 2003

The hormonal mechanisms may respond differently between trained and untrained individuals (Hakkinen et al. 1989).

“Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance” by Jay Hoffman
from Physiological Aspects of Sport Training and Performance
by Jay Hoffman
Human Kinetics, 2002

While the authors of these studies concluded that the anabolic environment was optimized when endurance exercise preceded bouts of strength training, it appears that the hormonal responses to combined exercise sessions seem to differ between trained and untrained populations.

“Concurrent Aerobic and Strength Training: Scientific Basics and Practical Applications” by Moritz Schumann, Bent R. Rønnestad
from Concurrent Aerobic and Strength Training: Scientific Basics and Practical Applications
by Moritz Schumann, Bent R. Rønnestad
Springer International Publishing, 2018

Hormones play a multitude of important regulatory roles in adaptation to anaerobic training (112, 113).

“Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning” by Thomas R. Baechle, Roger W. Earle, National Strength & Conditioning Association (U.S.)
from Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning
by Thomas R. Baechle, Roger W. Earle, National Strength & Conditioning Association (U.S.)
Human Kinetics, 2008

The goal of training is not to eliminate emotional arousal but rather to give athletes greater control over their emotional responses.

“Principles and Practice of Stress Management, Third Edition” by Paul M. Lehrer, Robert L. Woolfolk, Wesley E. Sime, David H. Barlow
from Principles and Practice of Stress Management, Third Edition
by Paul M. Lehrer, Robert L. Woolfolk, et. al.
Guilford Publications, 2007

Alexia Lewis RD

Registered Dietitian Nutritionist and Certified Heath Coach who believes life is better with science, humor, and beautiful, delicious, healthy food.

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  • Amazing. Way to go including this type of content guys. Would also be interested in some more training content for/by female climbers. Cheers

  • I see lots of people keep on talking about Clegenatur Methods (just search it on google). But I’m uncertain if it’s good. Have you ever tried using this popular breast enlargement secrets?

  • What’s with all the anti-scientific preaching? I think highlighting the risks is useful… but this seems to take the line “if you do this terrible things will happen” with the implication (bcause it is wrong).

  • Any exercise to remove that extra estrogen fat from estrogen dominance? Im intermittent fasting, eating high fat, and doing interval sprinting but that 3 inches of fat just wont go

  • my god if i had to listen to this dude for hours on end i’d wanna punch him. shame he could educate and help 100x the amount of ppl he does if he was able to show he’s as smart as he thinks he is by speaking clearly and concisely so everyone can understand what he’s saying effortlessly. The ACTUAL smart guys have this ability.

  • In what world does achieving faster sprinting times on a bicycle, equate to no improvement in athletic performance or general fitness? In that context alone it in fact equates to a 4% increase in athletic performance which in the world of elite athletic competition such as, racing on a bicycle, 4% can not only be the difference between winning and losing but it can also represent a very significant difference in monetary compensation. Exponentially greater than 4%. Just saying.

  • I took medical steroids for bronchitis and I was hyper aggressive and attacked my parents because I was angry with them I got help though.

  • The negative effects of steroids are always made out like they ate DEFINITELY going to happen to you on a cycle…..wrong, love this channel, and I know you can’t be like “oh steroids are brilliant” but they arnt as bad as every one likes to make out

  • Lol too much knowledge from this geek yet not the right information on steroids obiously talking about sports and it’s anabolics from a skinny guy is as stupid as a fat guy talking about going on a diet like if it will ever happen

  • you should have mentioned that anabol steroids don’t have any positive effect if you’re not exercising like madman while using them. so a fat couchpotato whose longest walk is the way from the tv to the WC won’t benefit in any way from the use and abuse of such drugs.

  • YOU STUFFED UP MATE!! AT 6:22 YOU SAID “20 TIMES MORE OXYGEN” WHEN ON THE SCREEN IT WAS WRITTEN “20% MORE OXYGEN”!!! If it is 20 times more oxygen, then it would be the equivalent to 2000% more oxygen as compared to what was written on the screen as 20% more oxygen! A HUUUUUUUUUUUUUUGE DIFFERENCE my friend. I suggest that you do a video to retract what you said here, or take this video down, and then redo it please, before somebody overdoses on EPO.

  • That study with 600 mg of testosterone with non trained individuals is seriously flawed…. I can assure you that came from water retention from estrogen conversion from way more than typical testosterone levels….. and glycogen and nitrogen retention and storage is a real thing as well….. I’m sorry you dont grow if you dont stimulate the muscle with training and then feed it the raw materials to rebuild…. the drugs just help speed up the process…. but the other things must happen for true lean mass to accrue.

  • Very difficult to monitor all the drugs out there in competition. If you take a highly competent athlete and give him a slight edge with a drug, he/she becomes a fearless machine. Sure, there are dangerous side-effects down the road but they will deal with the cancer and shrinking testicles, impotence, low fertility, mental retardation after they put their trophy in the glass cabinet and their names in the record books. But, they stripped Lance Armstrong of his achievements after the fact. Must be hard to resist a substance that can make you feel immortal and move you to the top. Glad I am not in that position. Look at Lyle Alzado, undersized lineman, ferocious and even performed admirably in a non-title fight against The Greatest (no drugs) Mohammed Ali. We all have these substances and receptors in our bodies already but these additions really enliven them.

  • am i the only one who thinks they should let the athletes do as much drugs as they want. as long as everybodys doing them it would be fair. also it would be a 1000x better to watch if everybody was a freaky super human that could run faster and throw further than any normal person. buuut thats just me

  • Taking GABA allegedly stimulates your body to produce it’s own HGH. I tried taking it for a while when I was a student. GABA can help you sleep but I have no evidence it increases lean mass. But I am very lean anyway so who knows.

  • Hey I have a question, so my mom was telling me that my aunt took progesterone while pregnant with my cousin and that’s why he’s really smart. However, I am skeptical because progesterone is also the hormone used in my Mirena birth control. How does that work out? Is what my mom was saying really true can that hormone really make kids smarter too? I know progesterone is a naturally occurring hormone but is it because of the different levels of it that make different effects?

  • I take Epogen because of renal failure, life sucks when you can’t walk a block without running out of breath because of low hemoglobin.