Coronary Disease, Stroke, and workout


#TomorrowsDiscoveries: Preventing Cardiovascular Disease – Erin Michos, M.D.

Video taken from the channel: Johns Hopkins Medicine


Coronary Artery Disease: Physical Activity

Video taken from the channel: University of Ottawa Heart Institute


Fact or Fiction? Debunking Exercise & Nutrition Myths for Preventing Heart Disease & Risk Factors

Video taken from the channel: Mayo Clinic


Cardiovascular Disease & Stroke Research

Video taken from the channel: Veterans Health Administration



Video taken from the channel: Heart & Stroke



Video taken from the channel: biolution


Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercises

Video taken from the channel: CHRISTUS Health

Cardiovascular Disease, Stroke, and Exercise. The leading cause of death in adults. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in adults and has a significant impact on the overall health status of people living in the United States. Cardiovascular disease is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels and includes stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, peripheral artery disease—in addition to other disease processes.

A growing number of statistics link physical activity and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. The American Heart Association (AHA) notes that regular exercise leads to heart-healthy habits. Regular exercise has a favorable effect on many of the established risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

For example, exercise promotes weight reduction and can help reduce blood pressure. Exercise is one of the most important things you can do for your heart health. Physical activity helps you live longer and reduces the risk of dying from heart disease by 50 per cent.

But after you’ve been diagnosed with heart disease, you may feel scared and uncertain. Where do you start?Exercise can reduce your risk of having a stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA).

Just 30 minutes of moderate activity five days a week can reduce your risk of stroke by over 25%. It also has benefits for your physical and mental health including: • lowering your blood pressure. The following are key points to remember about this annual update on the statistics regarding heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular risk factors: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the United States, responsible for. “If this can be reproduced with vascular disease patients, perhaps it will change exercise programs, cardiac rehab, and other aspects of rehabilitation from vascular disease,” she told Healthline.

Add moderateto high-intensity muscle-strengthening activity (such as resistance or weights) on at least 2 days per week. Spend less time sitting. Even light-intensity activity can offset some of the risks of being sedentary.

Gain even more benefits by being active at least 300 minutes (5 hours) per week. The Heart Disease and Stroke Program (HDSP) focuses on the prevention and management of all types of cardiovascular disease, a term that encompasses a variety of diseases and conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels. The most common cardiovascular diseases are heart disease and stroke.

AHA/ASA releases its policy paper on palliative care for patients and families with cardiovascular disease (CV) and stroke. This policy statement describes the importance of palliative care as it relates to patients with advanced CV disease and stroke.

List of related literature:

Physical activity may improve risk factors for cardiovascular disease (such as blood pressure and cholesterol level) and reduce the likelihood of coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, stroke, and premature mortality.1

“Heart Failure: A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease E-Book” by G. Michael Felker, Douglas L. Mann
from Heart Failure: A Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease E-Book
by G. Michael Felker, Douglas L. Mann
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2019

Although regular physical activity can reduce risks of cardiovascular (CV) diseases such as CHD and high blood pressure (hypertension), many people don’t exercise.

“Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2019 E-Book: 5 Books in 1” by Fred F. Ferri
from Ferri’s Clinical Advisor 2019 E-Book: 5 Books in 1
by Fred F. Ferri
Elsevier Health Sciences, 2018

Regular physical activity helps reduce the risk of dying of heart disease and decreases the risk for developing diabetes, hypertension, stroke, and colon cancer.

“Global Health Care: Issues and Policies” by Carol Holtz
from Global Health Care: Issues and Policies
by Carol Holtz
Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2007

Lifestyle factors including lack of aerobic exercise, smoking, diet high in saturated fats, high blood pressure, obesity, and stress are all known contributors to heart disease.

“Handbook of Psychology, Health Psychology” by Donald K. Freedheim, Irving B. Weiner, John A. Schinka, Arthur M. Nezu, Wayne F. Velicer, Christine M. Nezu, Alice F. Healy, Pamela A. Geller, Robert W. Proctor
from Handbook of Psychology, Health Psychology
by Donald K. Freedheim, Irving B. Weiner, et. al.
Wiley, 2003

A decline in aerobic fitness resulting from physical inactivity of stroke survivors may further increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in these individuals above than associated with stroke itself (12).

“Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation” by Richard L. Harvey, MD, Richard F. Macko, MD, Joel Stein, MD, Carolee J. Winstein, PhD, PT, FAPTA, Richard D. Zorowitz, MD
from Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation
by Richard L. Harvey, MD, Richard F. Macko, MD, et. al.
Springer Publishing Company, 2008

Physical inactivity increases the incidence of a number of conditions, e.g. coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, breast cancer, colon cancer, osteoporosis and obesity.

“Sports Science Handbook: I-Z” by Simon P. R. Jenkins
from Sports Science Handbook: I-Z
by Simon P. R. Jenkins
Multi-Science, 2005

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease include smoking, obesity, high-fat diets, lack of exercise, hypertension, atherosclerosis, high cholesterol levels, stress, and genetic predisposition.

“Biology Today: An Issues Approach” by Eli Minkoff, Pamela Baker
from Biology Today: An Issues Approach
by Eli Minkoff, Pamela Baker
CRC Press, 2003

Regular endurance exercise leads to improvements in cardiovascular health and reduces cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol.

“Physiology of Sport and Exercise” by W. Larry Kenney, Jack H. Wilmore, David L. Costill
from Physiology of Sport and Exercise
by W. Larry Kenney, Jack H. Wilmore, David L. Costill
Human Kinetics, Incorporated, 2019

Moderate to high intensity physical activity has been shown to decrease risk for future cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes independent of any concomitant stroke risk factors including HLD, HTN, obesity, and smoking [20].

“The Diabetes Textbook: Clinical Principles, Patient Management and Public Health Issues” by Joel Rodriguez-Saldana
from The Diabetes Textbook: Clinical Principles, Patient Management and Public Health Issues
by Joel Rodriguez-Saldana
Springer International Publishing, 2019

Risk factors for stroke include atrial fibrillation, which predisposes to cardioembolic strokes, as well as vascular risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, and diabetes.

“Platelets in Thrombotic and Non-Thrombotic Disorders: Pathophysiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics: an Update” by Paolo Gresele, Neal S. Kleiman, José A. Lopez, Clive P. Page
from Platelets in Thrombotic and Non-Thrombotic Disorders: Pathophysiology, Pharmacology and Therapeutics: an Update
by Paolo Gresele, Neal S. Kleiman, et. al.
Springer International Publishing, 2017

Alexia Lewis RD

Registered Dietitian Nutritionist and Certified Heath Coach who believes life is better with science, humor, and beautiful, delicious, healthy food.

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  • Man I worry about all of us in the office each morning breathing heavy after walking 1 minute up a 10 degree hill from the parking lot to the door, unreal!

  • Om Shri Dhanvantre Namaha

    As per Ayurveda, there exists on the palm and feet 4 seensitive points called Tal Hriday Marma. When stimulated through finger press, these help in overall well being of Heart.


  • He didn’t cite any studies nor did he say how many studies. He didn’t list any statistics for the studies. This is not very informative.

  • So even back in 2013 (and even earlier) we knew low-fat diets didn’t help, yet we still see in 2019 recommendations to eat low fat by “authorities” like the American Heart Association.

  • Thanks. I believe this talk is out-of-date now with respect to diet. The low sugar, low carb approach to eating, which reduces insulin spikes, insulin resistance and inflammation appears to present the most benefit in terms of preventing and treating heart disease.

  • I can’t believe a Mediterranean diet can’t be improved to reduce heart disease risk. Attempts by Ornish and Esselstyn surely prove that improvements are possible. The Mayo Clinic should try harder and figure out what improvements will work.

  • Good summary. Now we need an in depth discussion of the Mediterranean diet, possibly over several segments, including recipes, cooking instructions and resources for patients to use.